Randolph County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Randolph County

Guide to Randolph County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Huntsville
Organized: January 22, 1829
Parent County(s): Ralls and Non-County Area 6
Neighboring Counties
Macon  • Chariton  • Howard  • Boone  • Audrain  • Monroe  • Shelby
See County Maps
Location Map
Missouri Randolph County Map.svg.png

County Information


The County was named for John Randolph of Roanoke. The County has Huntsville as its seat and the County was created January 22, 1829. The County is located in the north center area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse

Randolph County Courthouse
110 S Main Street
Huntsville, MO 65259
Phone: 660-277-4717
Randolph County Website

County Recorder has marriage and land records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce records.
Probate Court has probate records.[2]

Randolph County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1829 1883 1858 1841 1829 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

1882 Courthouse burned on August 12, 1882. Some records were destroyed; deed index from 1829 survived.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1829 Randolph County was created from Ralls County and Non-County Area 6 on January 22, 1829.

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Randolph County, Missouri:

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Randolph County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Randolph County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • History of Randolph and Macon Counties. 1884. St. Louis, Missouri : National Historical. Available online at FamilySearch
  • History of Randolph County, Missouri. By Alexander H. Waller. 1920. Topeka, Kan. : Historical Pub. Co. Available online at FamilySearch
  • An Illustrated Historical Atlas of Randolph County, Missouri. 1876. Philadelphia, Pa. : Edwards Brothers of Missouri. Available online at FamilySearch

Maps and Gazetteers

Macon CountyShelby CountyMonroe CountyAudrain CountyBoone CountyHoward CountyChariton CountyMO RANDOLPH.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Online Records


Service men in Randolph County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County, Missouri:

- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company A
- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company B
- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company C
- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company G
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D

- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Detached Company
- 9th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company G

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Randolph County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Randolph County Historical Society
    223 N Clark Street
    Moberly, MO 65270
    Phone: 660-263-9396


  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Roxann Gess Website. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals.
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph, Missouri," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Missouri. accessed 9/13/2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randolph County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.