Randolph County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States
Randolph County

Guide to Randolph County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Cuthbert
Organized: December 20, 1828
Parent County(s): Lee[1]
Neighboring Counties
Calhoun  • Clay  • Quitman  • Stewart  • Terrell  • Webster
See County Maps
Randolph County Government Center Cuthbert,Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Randolph County Map.png

County Information


The County was named for the Virginia planter and politician, John Randolph. The County is located in the southwestern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Randolph County Courthouse
208 Court Street
Cuthbert, GA 31740
Phone: 229-732-6440
Randolph County Website

Probate Court has marriage, probate records from 1835.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records from 1835.[3]

Randolph County, Georgia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1875 1835 1919 1835 1835 1835 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes

  • 1828 Randolph County was created 20 December 1828 from Lee County.
  • 1830: Stewart County created from Randolph County
  • 1854: Clay County Created from Randolph County
  • 1856: Terrell County Created from Randolph County
  • 1858: Quitman County created from Randolph County
  • 1932: Calhoun County gained from Randolph County
  • County seat: Cuthbert[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Randolph County, Georgia:

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Randolph, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Randolph County cemeteries.

Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Randolph County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Randolph County Historical Society. Randolph County, Georgia. Fernandina Beach, Florida.: Wolfe Pub., c1997, 1999. Available at the Family History Library.
  • Suarez, Annette McDonald. A source book on the early history of Cuthbert and Randolph County, Georgia. Atlanta, Georgia.: Cherokee, c1982. Available at the Family History Library.

Maps and Gazetteers

Stewart CountyWebster CountyTerrell CountyCalhoun CountyClay CountyQuitman CountyGA RANDOLPH.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Randolph County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County:

- 2nd Battalion, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate) , Company G
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 13th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (State Guards) (Confederate), Company E
- 13th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 47th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 51st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company H
- 55th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies A, G and H
- 64th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company H

  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Randolph County). 1962. Pension records. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. film 271278
  • Aldridge, Christine. 1994. Early miscellaneous Georgia records. Nacogdoches, Tex: Printed & distributed by Partin Publications. (read the index) 975.8 H29

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


  • Evans, Tad. Georgia Newspaper Clippings, Randolph County Extracts. Savannah, GA.: 2012. Available at the Family History Library.


Other Records

Voting Records


Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.


  • 1875-1877 Randolph County Birth Index 1875-1877. Batch C713561 at FamilySearch[7]
  • 1875-1877 Randolph County Births: 1875-1877 Georgia Pioneers ($)




Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Randolph Historical Society
    Route 1, Box 1005
    Shellman, GA 31786
    Mailing Address:
    PO Box 456
    Cuthbert, GA 31740

    Phone: 912-679-5165
  • Southwest Georgia Genealogical Society
    PO Box 4672
    Albany, GA 31706


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Georgia accessed 5 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randolph County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 50-51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.