Randolph County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Randolph County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Cuthbert
Organized: December 20, 1828
Parent County(s): Lee[1]
Neighboring Counties
Calhoun  • Clay  • Quitman  • Stewart  • Terrell  • Webster
See County Maps
Courthouse
Randolph County Government Center Cuthbert,Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Randolph County Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Virginia planter and politician, John Randolph. The County is located in the southwestern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Randolph County Courthouse
208 Court Street
Cuthbert, GA 31740
Phone: 229-732-6440
Randolph County Website

Probate Court has marriage, probate records from 1835.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records from 1835.[3]

Randolph County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1875 1835 1919 1835 1835 1835 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1828 Randolph County was created 20 December 1828 from Lee County.
  • 1830: Stewart County created from Randolph County
  • 1854: Clay County Created from Randolph County
  • 1856: Terrell County Created from Randolph County
  • 1858: Quitman County created from Randolph County
  • 1932: Calhoun County gained from Randolph County
  • County seat: Cuthbert[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Randolph, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Randolph County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,191
1840 8,276 277.7%
1850 12,868 55.5%
1860 9,571 −25.6%
1870 10,561 10.3%
1880 13,341 26.3%
1890 15,267 14.4%
1900 16,847 10.3%
1910 18,841 11.8%
1920 16,721 −11.3%
1930 17,174 2.7%
1940 16,609 −3.3%
1950 13,804 −16.9%
1960 11,078 −19.7%
1970 8,734 −21.2%
1980 9,599 9.9%
1990 8,023 −16.4%
2000 7,791 −2.9%
2010 7,719 −0.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".


Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Randolph County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Randolph County Historical Society. Randolph County, Georgia. Fernandina Beach, Florida.: Wolfe Pub., c1997, 1999. Available at the Family History Library.
  • Suarez, Annette McDonald. A source book on the early history of Cuthbert and Randolph County, Georgia. Atlanta, Georgia.: Cherokee, c1982. Available at the Family History Library.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Stewart CountyWebster CountyTerrell CountyCalhoun CountyClay CountyQuitman CountyGA RANDOLPH.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Randolph County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County:

- 2nd Battalion, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate) , Company G
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 13th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (State Guards) (Confederate), Company E
- 13th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 47th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 51st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company H
- 55th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies A, G and H
- 64th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company H


  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Randolph County). 1962. Pension records. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. film 271278
  • Aldridge, Christine. 1994. Early miscellaneous Georgia records. Nacogdoches, Tex: Printed & distributed by Partin Publications. (read the index) 975.8 H29

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Evans, Tad. Georgia Newspaper Clippings, Randolph County Extracts. Savannah, GA.: 2012. Available at the Family History Library.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Randolph Historical Society
    Route 1, Box 1005
    Shellman, GA 31786
    Mailing Address:
    PO Box 456
    Cuthbert, GA 31740

    Phone: 912-679-5165
    Website
  • Southwest Georgia Genealogical Society
    PO Box 4672
    Albany, GA 31706
    Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Georgia accessed 5 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randolph County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 50-51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Randolph_County,_Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_County,_Georgia#Cities_and_communities, accessed 1 August 2016.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.