Rains County, Texas Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
Rains County

Guide to Rains County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

TX ORP.png

Rains County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Rains County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded 9 June, 1870
County Seat Emory
Address Rains County Courthouse
PO Box 187
Emory, TX 75440-0187
Adopt-a-wiki page
Txgenweblogo.GIF This page adopted by:
TXGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today

County Information

County Courthouse

Rains County Courthouse
PO Box 187;
Emory, TX 75440-0187
Phone: 903.473.2461 

County Clerk has birth records from 1902, divorce records
from 1903, marriage, divorce and land records from 1880
and probate records from 1894[1]

County Clerk

P.O. Box 1150
Emory 75440
Phone: 903-473-5000
Fax: 903-473-5086

District Clerk

P.O. Box 187
Emory 75440
Phone: 903-473-5000 (Ext: 101)
Fax: 903-473-5008

Rains County's first courthouse was a log building. It was used until a two-room courthouse was built in 1871; this second courthouse burned in 1879. The log building was again used as a temporary courthouse until two-story building could be built in 1884. The 1884 courthouse burned in 1908. Rains County's current courthouse, shown at right, is the county's fourth Courthouse. It was built in 1908.

Rains County Courthouse
167 E. Quitman Street
P. O. Box 158
Emory, Texas 75440

Rains County Government Website

Rains County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1879 1880 1870 1880


1840's--The first Anglo-American arrived in the 1840's.

Parent County

1870--Rains County was created 9 June 1870 from Hopkins, Hunt, and Wood Counties.

  • County seat: Emory [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1879 - Rains County Courthouse, built in 1871, burned; All county records were destroyed.
1908 - Rains County Courthouse, built in 1884, burned. County records were save in a fireproof vault.

Places / Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Alba | Dougherty | East Tawakoni | Emory | Point

Neighboring Counties

Hopkins  • Hunt  • Van Zandt  • Wood



Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves Interment
TXGenWeb Epodunk
Names in Stone
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.





After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


Local Histories

Local histories are available for Rains County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • Early Days in Texas and Rains County, 1917 by William Oscar Hebison and Ambrose Fitzgerald.
  • 100th Anniversary of Rains County, 1970
  • Rains County History from the Handbook of Texas Online


Hunt CountyHopkins CountyWood CountyVan Zandt CountyTX RAINS.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Mexican-American War
Civil War
World War I


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Rains County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).


Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records


Vital Records


Online Birth Indexes and Records


Online Marriage Indexes and Records


Online Death Indexes and Records


Societies and Libraries

Organization for the Preservation of Historical and Genealogical Records
email:[1] P Vinson President
Canton, TX

These folks go to county courthouses, churches and other places where old documents and records are housed. They either scan the very old records with their oversized scanner or they transcribe those old documents and then publish them as books. Membership is $10.00/year if you have an email address and you get their Newsletter sent to you quarterly. Visit their web site for Publication Listings as well as membership information.

They also host several workshops during the year. Topics include: Beginning Researcher, Internet Research, Beginner Computer Help as well as Native American/Melungeon/African American Research.

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rains County, Texas. Page 672 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).

Rains county; PO Box 187; Emory, TX 75440-0187; Ph. 903.473.2461 Details: (Co Clk has b rec from 1902, d rec from 1903, m, div & land rec from 1880 & pro rec from 1894)