Quebec Court Records

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Quebec Wiki Topics
Quebec Flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Quebec Background
Local Research Resources

Court records are seldom used in Québec genealogical research.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

Notarial Records[edit | edit source]

There are other legal records that are useful. A notarial record is a private agreement written by a notary in the form of a contract. Some of the most common ones are marriage contracts, wills, estate inventories, leases, and sales contracts. See Quebec Notarial Records, Canada Court Records, and Canada Notarial Records. Most legal records are notarial and are found in the individual notary’s greffe, which, after 80 to 100 years, is usually in the appropriate regional branch of the Archives des notaires du Québec (ANQ). Earlier notarial records are held by the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ), but Library and Archives Canada holds copies of some records in the collection, Fonds des greffes de notaires du Québec. You can also use the advanced archives search to look up the name of an individual or a notary. The complete inventory of ANQ holdings is computerized or in microfiches: Finding Aid

Case Records[edit | edit source]

Since the 1760s, criminal law in Québec has been based on the English common law. The civil law is based on French law. Many revisions have been made to the old coûtume de Paris (Custom of Paris), the code of laws in effect during years of French government. Court records date from about 1651 and will give the names and residence of persons who engaged in litigation in the courts: Registres du baillage (Bailiff’s Court),Plaidoyers communs (Court of Common Pleas), and Conseil Supérieur (Superior Court). Some transcriptions of notable cases during the French régime are useful. They have been published in some genealogical periodicals (see Quebec Periodicals).

Archives of Quebec[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]