Quebec Census

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Census Records

National Censuses

Canada census records (1871-1921) are available at FamilySearch, Ancestry, Library and Archives Canada, Automatedgenealogy.com, the FamilySearch Catalog, and other archives and libraries. See Canada Census for more information about Canadian national census records. Also see: Library and Archives Canada.

To find out if a specific subdistrict (township or equivalent) or district (county or equivalent) is available on a census see:

  • Hillman, Thomas A. ,Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm = Catalogue de Recensements sur microfilm 1666–1891. [Ottawa, Ontario, Canada]: Public Archives of Canada, 1987. (Family History Library book 971 X23ht). A list of the censuses that are available for parishes, townships, and counties (look in the Québec section of the book). The catalog includes microfilm numbers for the National Archives of Canada. (They are not Family History Library film numbers.)

When searching census records, be aware that some pages may be missing, some ink has faded to illegibility, some pages are torn in these census records, and some people are missing from the census.

Provincial Censuses

There are many early census records for the province of Québec. Most censuses from 1792 to 1842 list only the head of the household. Those censuses can help you find where families with a particular surname were living.

Province of Québec

Census Years:
Listed:
1666, 1667, 1681 All members of the household

City of Québec

Census Years:
Listed:
1716, 1744 All members of the household
1792, 1795, 1798, 1805 Head of household only

Montréal

Census Years: Listed:
1731 Head of household only

Trois-Riviéres

Census Years:
Listed:
1760–1762
Head of household only

Trois-Riviéres, Montréal, and surrounding areas

Census Years:
Listed:
1765 Head of household only

Lower Canada, Canada East (southern Québec)

Census Years: Listed:
1825, 1831, 1842 Head of household only
(In 1841 Lower Canada became Canada East.)
1851, 1861 All members of the household

Early provincial censuses are available in the following sources:

Nouvelle-France. Recensements, 1666–1681 (Censuses 1666–1681). Archives Publiques du Canada série G1, C-2474. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.: Service Central du Microfilm, Archives Publiques du Canada, 1966. (Family History Library film 1375924.) Text in French. Contains census records for 1666, 1667, and 1681.

Recensements du Québec (Census of Québec). Seven Volumes. [n.p., 198-?] (Family History Library book 971.4 X2r; on 19 Family History Library fiche 6046792.) Text in French. Contains selected census records from 1666 to 1805.

Charbonneau, Hubert, and Jacques Légaré, eds. Répertoire des actes de baptême, mariage, sépulture et des recensements du Québec ancien (Transcriptions of Church Records of Christening, Marriage and Burial and of Censuses of Old Québec). 47 Volumes. Montréal, Québec, Canada: Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 1980–1990. (Family History Library book 971.4 K22r.) Text in French. Contains indexed transcriptions from original records. Volume 6 includes the 1666, 1667, and 1681 censuses; volume 8 includes the 1716 census; and volume 16 includes the 1744 census.

The following is an explanation in English to the Répertoire:

Key to the Repertory. Montréal, Québec, Canada: Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 1980?. (Family History Library book 971.4 K22r supp..)

Québec (Province). Census of Lower Canada [now Québec], 1825. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Public Archives of Canada, 1954. (Family History Library film 584016–17.) Contains the 1825 census for southern Québec.

Lower Canada. Census Returns, 1831. Public Archives of Canada no. C-719 - C-724. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Public Archives of Canada, 1954. Contains the 1831 census for southern Québec. Record Collection 1834329 Online digitial images – free. This collection is not indexed and must be searched by County or District, and then by sub-district. Heads of household are listed with marks for the number of family members in various age categories. The listing also includes occupation, religion, land usage, and agricultural production. FHL Film 1375925–30 Learn more about this census record.

Lower Canada. Census Returns, 1842. Public Archives of Canada number C-725 - C-733. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Public Archives of Canada, 1954. (Family History Library film 1375931–39.) Contains the 1842 census for southern Québec.

Private researchers have indexed early censuses and other sources for the Eastern Townships region. For information, contact the Librarian of the Québec Family History Society (see Quebec Societies).

Provincial censuses were taken for Canada East (southern Québec) in 1851 and 1861. (The 1851 census was actually taken in 1852.) The censuses list all the members of the household. Some sections were lost, and there is no index for the entire province. National Archives of Canada microfilm numbers for these censuses are also available in Thomas A. Hillman, Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm = Catalogue de Recensements sur microfilm, 1666–1891 (see "National Censuses" on the previous page).

Other Sources

Another useful source for finding census records for Québec is:

Reisinger, Joy. "Published Census Returns of Québec." Lost in Canada?: Canadian-American Query Exchange 17, number 3(summer 1994): 134–36. (Family History Library book 971 B2c; fiche 6048073.) Extensive bibliography of printed censuses and lists of settlers, 1608–1825.

Voters Lists

The Archives holds the records of the Chief Electoral Officer for Canada (RG 113) which include lists of voters prepared during Federal election years since 1935. Available on microfilm, they are arranged by electoral district. See Tracing Your Ancestors in Canada, page 17. The ANQ holds some Poll Books, most would be at regional branches.

National Registration

Also by electoral district and polling division are the 1940 National Registration Records are held by Statistics Canada. Having been compiled under the War Measures Act, once a person has been dead for twenty years, or was born over 110 years ago, these can be released - for a fairly hefty fee. There are a number of caveats , but for anyone over 16 in 1940, or who turned 16 in the next few years, it is a fairly recently available source with a great deal of information.

All census records for Québec are listed in the Locality Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:

QUEBEC - CENSUS - [YEAR]

QUEBEC, [COUNTY] - CENSUS - [YEAR]

QUEBEC, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS - [YEAR]

References

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
  2. Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  3. Library Archives Canada, a free online service includes links to free images and partial indexes found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  4. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  5. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.


A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Quebec Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)