Puerto Rico Genealogy
|Puerto Rico Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Guide to Puerto Rico ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
Puerto Rico is a United States Territory in the Caribbean whose nearest neighbors are the Dominican Republic, British Virgin Islands, and Anguilla. It was formerly a colony of Spain. The official languages are Spanish and English.
Getting Started with Puerto Rico Research
Links to articles on getting started with Puerto Rico research.
Puerto Rico Research Tools
Links to articles and websites that assist in Puerto Rico research.
Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Puerto Rico
- Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the local level. To search these records, you must know the town where your ancestors lived.
- If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article, Puerto Rico Finding Town of Origin, to search a variety of records that might provide that information.
Puerto Rico Map
Sovereignty. Spain 1493, United States 1898.
Subdivisions. Puerto Rico is a territory of the US with commonwealth status. There are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 78 municipalities (municipios) at the second order.
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.
- Facebook Communities - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
- Historical Records
- Family History Center locator map
- Puerto Rico, Civil Registration, 1805-2001 - at FamilySearch. Partial index, images, incomplete.
Births, marriages, deaths, indexes and other records created by civil registration offices in Puerto Rico. Some records may date prior to 1885 as a few municipalities began civil registration before that date. Some of these records have been indexed and are searchable as part of this collection. Additional indexed records will be published as they become available.
To search the same collection by municipality, use:
- Puerto Rico, Civil Registration, 1805-2001 - at FamilySearch. Images, incomplete.
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
- Online Court Records for 5,000 documents
- Puerto Rico Genealogical Resources
- Puerto Rican Hispanic Genealogical Society
- Introduction to Hispanic Research
- U.S. Hispanic Immigrants: Finding their Place of Origin
- Improve your Search Results in FamilySearch Hispanic Records
- Relatives Masked in the Indexes of Ancestry
- Hispanic Online Resources
- Reading Spanish Handwriting
- Spanish Genealogical Word List
- Spanish Records Extraction Manual. Practice reading documents
- BYU Spanish Documents Script Tutorial
- Spanish Letter Writing Guide
- Wikipedia contributors, "Puerto Rico," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rico, accessed 17 May 2016.
- Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical Encyclopedia of the Colonial Americas: a Complete Digest of the Records of All the Countries of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing, 1998), 127. WorldCat 39622039; FHL Ref Book 929.11812 D26s.