Puerto Rico Finding Records
|Puerto Rico Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
To find church, civil or other records for your ancestor in Puerto Rico using the FamilySearch catalog, you will need to know the various levels of jurisdictions (government or religious administrative divisions) in Puerto Rico. Only two locality levels are normally used. The country of Puerto Rico is divided into municipalities (municipios), and cities, towns, villages, etc.
Under the municipality level you will find civil registration records. In large cities there may be several offices. Some small towns may not be their own municipality and therefore their records will not be kept in the town. You will need to determine the correct municipality or municipio in order to locate the civil registration records. Municipality records will be located in the FamilySearch catalog under the name of the municipio.
Church records are listed in the catalog under the city or town where the parish is located. A parish is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction where a Catholic priest serves and keeps records. The parish is usually named for a Saint and is located in the largest town in the parish jurisdiction. Large cities may have many parishes while a small town usually only have one.
Place Levels (Jurisdictions)
Places are usually written from smallest to largest on a family group record:
Bayamón, Bayamón, Puerto Rico
City/town, County, Country
The Civil Registration records are located a the county level, and you will need to know this to find the civil registration records in the FamilySearch Catalog.
When you want to include the parish, which is especially important in large cities, in your locality field you would write it in the following manner:
San Mateo, Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Parish, City/town, County, Country
The parish of San Mateo is located in the city of Santurce in the county of San Juan.
To find your localities, see the following sources:
- A great resource is the Spanish Wikipedia page. It has a page for most of the municipalities of Puerto Rico, that tell you the history of the municipality and from what municpality it was created.
- Google Maps is a great place to figure out distances between towns.
To find your Catholic parish, see the following sources:
- You can learn if your ancestor’s town or city had an established parish by checking a Catholic church directory. It will list the archdiocese officials and the dioceses with their parishes, so you can easily determine all nearby parishes. It may include historical information about each parish, and sometimes it provides addresses for parishes, the diocese headquarters, and the diocese archives where additional records may be kept.
If your ancestor came from a large city that had several parishes, you will need to know what section of the city he or she lived in to determine what parish he or she belonged to. However, in a large city such as San Juan, you may find that even if you know the closest parish, sometimes the family went to the cathedral or the parish of a relative in the same city for the baptism of a child. If you do not find the complete family in the home parish, search the surrounding parishes of the city.
If your family lived in a very small village that did not have an established parish, you will need to check a map, church directory, or gazetteer to determine which nearby town had a parish.
Records from FamilySearch
Once you have identified the name and jurisdiction of the town of your ancestors you will want to check the FamilySearch Catalog and FamilySearch Record Collections for records about your ancestors. For more information about how to search the FamilySearch catalog you will want to read Using the FamilySearch Catalog.
To search the catalog, as well as indexed records and images available online from FamilySearch, you will need to visit FamilySearch.org. To find the record collections for Puerto Rico, scroll down the page and click on Caribbean, Central and South America.