Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Indians of New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico

Guide to Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

San Juan Pueblo is located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.

Established: Original Spanish Land Grant 1689

Agency: Northern Pueblos Agnecy

Tribe: Tano-Tewa

Ppopulation: 1969: Tribal enrollment 1,255 [1]

Tribal Headquarters

San Juan, New Mexico


In 1598 the new Spanish settlement near this Pueblo was made the first capital of the New Mexico province of New Spainby Juan de Oñate. It is 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Fe, which replaced it as the capital when founded in 1608. San Juan Pueblo was the northern terminus of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, an important historic trail from Mexico City used by settlers and traders from 1598 to 1884. San Juan Pueblo was also the home of Popé, the leader of Pueblo Revolt of 1680 against the Spanish.

In 2005 the Tewa people changed the Pueblo name back to its pre-Spanish name, Ohkay Owingeh.[2]

Brief Timeline

1541: Contact by Francisco Vaszuez de Coronado

1591: Spanish colonization

1598: First capital in New Mexico at pueblo of Oke near San Juan

1610: Capital moved to Santa Fe

1680: Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish

1846-1848: Mexican-American War land ceded to United States

1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago, New Mexico becomes part of the United States

1924: Pueblo Lands Act

2005: Tewa people return to pre-Spanish name of Ohkay Owingeh

Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Band



Census Records

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the San Juan Pueblo in New Mexico. The Indians residing in this Pueblo in 1900 are listed on Indian Population Schedules as District 93, San Juan Pueblo, in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.

Land Records

Tribal-owned 12,232 acres.

Important Websites

  • San Juan (now known as Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo since 2005) Wikipedia page
  • Puebloan Peoples Wikipedia


  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, New Mexico" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohkay_Owingeh_Pueblo,_New_Mexico (accessed 21 June 2009).


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published