Prussian Poland Genealogy

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Europe Gotoarrow.png Poland Gotoarrow.pngPrussian Poland Genealogy

Guide to Prussian Poland (Prusy Wschodnie) ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Historical Background[edit | edit source]

Effective family history research requires a knowledge of major historical events that may have affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations and religious trends may help you understand political boundaries, and settlement patterns. These events may have led to the creation of records such as land and military documents that mention your family members. Your ancestors will become more interesting to you if you also use histories to learn about the events they may have participated in. Major events in the Prussian Poland localities include the partitions of Poland. In 1772 the first partition occurred in which Russia, Austria and Prussia each seized one-third of Polish territory. The second partition was in 1793 and at this time Russia obtained one-half of the remaining territory of Poland, and Prussia took Posen as a possession. The third partition was in 1795. Polish resistance was overwhelmed, and the remaining Polish territor was divided amoung Russia, Austria, and Prussia. The kingdom of Poland ceased to exist.

Former Prussian Provinces
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The borders of Poland have changed many times over the years. These changes were referred to as Partitions. There were 3 partitions. The areas listed below formerly belonged to Prussia. Parts of Brandenburg, Ostpreußen, Pommern and Schlesien are now in Poland. Some parts of Brandenburg, Pommern and Schlesien still remain in modern-day Germany. Parts of Ostpreussen are also in modern-day Russia. And a small part of Schlesien is now in the Czech Republic. The links in this table lead to specific research articles.
Poland Voivodeship Prussian Province

Lubusz Voivodeship


Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

Ostpreußen (East Prussia)

Pomeranian Voivodeship
West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Pommern (Pomerania)

Greater Poland Voivodeship
part of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship


Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Opole Voivodeship
wester half of Silesian Voivodeship,

Schlesien (Silesia)

part of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship

Westpreußen (West Prussia)

Research Tools[edit | edit source]

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Facebook Pages[edit | edit source]

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Because the Research forums are no longer available for help, be aware that FamilySearch has Facebook pages for these regions.

Here you can help others, post your questions and look for answers and helpful links, as well.

Websites[edit | edit source]