Prince Edward Island, Canada Genealogy

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Prince Edward Island Research Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Prince Edward Island Background
Local Research Resources
Prince Edward Island

Guide to Prince Edward Island ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.


In 1534, Jacques Cartier was the first European to see the island. In 1604, France claimed the lands of the Maritimes, including Prince Edward Island, establishing the French colony of Acadia.
The New Englanders captured Prince Edward Island When an English detachment landed at Port-la-Joye. The troops fled and New Englanders burned the capital to the ground. The French troops and their allies were able to drive the New Englanders to their boats. Roughly one thousand Acadians lived on the island, many of whom had fled to the island from mainland Nova Scotia during the first wave of the British-ordered expulsion in 1755. However, many more were forcibly deported during the second wave of the expulsion.
The high influx of Scottish Highlanders in the late 1700s resulted in P.E.I. having the highest provincial percentage of Scottish immigrants in Canada. This, in turn, led to a higher proportion of Scottish Gaelic speakers and thriving culture surviving on P.E.I. than Scotland itself.
In 1853, the Island government passed the Land Purchase Act which empowered them to purchase lands from those owners who were willing to sell, and then resell the land to settlers for low prices. This scheme collapsed when the Island ran short of money to continue with the purchases.

Getting Started

Getting Started with Prince Edward Island

Links to articles on getting started with Prince Edward Island research.

Prince Edward Island Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Prince Edward Island research.

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Prince Edward Island Map

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Map of Prince Edward Island

Boundary Changes

Although the boundaries of Prince Edward Island have remained stable the early records will be found in Nova Scotia and France who held those records.

Record Loss

No record loss has been noted.

Counties of Prince Edward Island


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