Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy

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Guide to Poweshiek County, Iowa ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Poweshiek County, Iowa
Map of Iowa highlighting Poweshiek County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Location of Iowa in the U.S.
Founded February 17, 1843
County Seat Montezuma
Iowa, Poweshiek County Courthouse.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the chief of the Fox Indians. The County has Montezuma as its seat and the County was created 1843. The County is located in the central area of the state.[1]

Poweshiek County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1860 1880 1880 1843 1860 1847
Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths Jan 1891. General compliance by 1924.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

The Poweshiek County Courthouse in Montezuma contains vital records (starting about 1848 for birth, marriage, and death) on the 2nd floor. The staff is friendly and helpful. Access inside the records vault is allowed, although no cameras are permitted. There is no charge for transcribing documents, and since personal computers are allowed inside the records vault, transcription is easy. The cost for having the staff make copies was only a few dollars per copy.

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1843--Poweshiek County was created 17 February 1843 from Keokuk County.  It was attached to Mahaska and iowa Counties prior to organization 3 April 1848.  County seat:  Montezuma [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Iowa County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Iowa County Boundary Maps" (1816-1872) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
  • Ewart
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Benton • Iowa • Jasper • Keokuk • Mahaska • Marshall • Tama

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
IAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
IAGenWeb Archives FamilySearch Places
Tombstone Project
Iowa Gravestone Photo Project
Billion Graves
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 615
1860 5,668 821.6%
1870 15,581 174.9%
1880 18,936 21.5%
1890 18,394 −2.9%
1900 19,414 5.5%
1910 19,589 0.9%
1920 19,910 1.6%
1930 18,727 −5.9%
1940 18,758 0.2%
1950 19,344 3.1%
1960 19,300 −0.2%
1970 18,803 −2.6%
1980 19,306 2.7%
1990 19,033 −1.4%
2000 18,815 −1.1%
2010 18,914 0.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • Records of the Trinity Lutheran Church, Malcom, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Iowa Local Histories.

  • The History of Poweshiek County, Iowa: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, &c., biographical sketches of its citizens, war record, history of the northwest. Des Moines [Iowa]: Union Historical, 1880. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Google Books.
  • Iowans born in Ohio: the history of Poweshiek County, Iowa. The Report (Ohio Genealogical Society) - v. 41 (2001) - v. 41, no. 4 (winter 2001).

Maps[edit | edit source]

Marshall CountyTama CountyBenton CountyJasper CountyMahaska CountyKeokuk CountyIowa CountyIA POWESHIEK.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy:

- 10th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company F
- 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 28th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company C
- 28th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
- 46th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company B

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: List of online newspaper archives

NewspaperArchive.com ($) has a large collection of digitized Iowa newspapers online. This database is sometimes free at libraries.

  • Grinnell Herald Register. 1940, 1953, 1954. Grinnell, IA, USA. Online at: Ancestry.com ($)

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

1850-1954 Poweshiek County, Iowa, U.S., Probate, School, and Court Records, 1850-1954 at Ancestry.com - images only $

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Births[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Poweshiek County Historical and Genealogical Society
200 South Third Street
P.O. Box 280
Montezuma, IA 5017

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

Sites with online indexes or images of records
State Historical Society of Iowa Free Select from research collection topics
IAGenWeb Project Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
[1] [2][3] FamilySearch Free Births, 1880-1935; Deaths 1880-1992; Marriages, 1838-1934; all indexes
FamilySearch Free Iowa, Poweshiek County Land Records, 1855-1934; browse images
FamilySearch Free Iowa, Poweshiek County Probate Records, 1850-1930; browse images
Sites that search for links pertaining to Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy
RootsWeb Resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS.com Free family history resources and government records
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch Catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
See also local libraries and Iowa Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Poweshiek County, Iowa Genealogy
GeneaBloggers enter "Iowa" in search box to see list and links to Iowa blogs
Facebook list of groups from "Iowa Genealogy" search
genealogy.com IA Genealogy Forum
ancestry.com Poweshiek County Message Board

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Poweshiek, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poweshiek_County,_Iowa."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Poweshiek County, Iowa. Page 230-238 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 222-225.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Poweshiek County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poweshiek_County,_Iowa, accessed 23 October 2019.