Oregon, Columbia County Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
Oregon, Columbia County Records,1854-1958
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Columbia, Oregon, United States|
|Flag of Oregon|
|Location of Columbia, Oregon|
|Location of Oregon|
|Record Type||County Courthouse Records|
|County Courthouse, St. Helens|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
This collection of various county records was obtained from the Columbia County Courthouse in St. Helens, Oregon. The collection includes indexes and images of of the following records:
- Land and Property (1854-1920)
- Civil Registration - Marriages (1854-1958)
- Naturalization / Citizenship 1891-1945)
- Tax (1898-1908)
Land and Property Records
Individuals who settled in the Oregon Territory before December 1, 1855, were eligible to receive donation land claims. The earlier, provisional claims were voided. The size of the piece of land was dependent upon the date of the arrival and the marital status of the claimant. The applications for these free lands may provide birth, marriage, citizenship, migration, or other valuable information. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions are recorded by the county auditor in the form of deeds and mortgages. These may be obtained from the appropriate recorder or clerk in each courthouse. The Family History Library has not acquired land records from the counties, except for the deed indexes of Douglas County for 1857 to 1974. Land and property records during the period, 1845 to 1849, were filed with the provisional recorder. These papers are now in the Oregon State Archives. The record contains a description of the land claimed, and may name adjoining land holders.
Marriage and Civil Registration
Marriages were usually recorded by the clerk of the district court for each county from the time the county was formed. Persons desiring to marry obtained a license that they presented to the minister or other person authorized to marry, such as a justice of the peace. Once the marriage was performed, the officiator sent a return to the clerk confirming that the marriage had occurred.
Naturalization and Citizenship
In the territorial era, immigrants could apply for citizenship at any U.S. district court. Naturalization records filed as part of the “donation land” laws are at the National Archives. After statehood in 1859, the circuit court had primary jurisdiction over naturalization. The county clerk served as clerk of the circuit court and kept the records. You can obtain copies of declarations and petitions from the clerk's office in each county. Some naturalization records may also be found in county court journals or U.S. district court records. The Family History Library has copies of some naturalization records for Oregon.
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Oregon, Columbia County Records,1854-1958.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
The following information may be found in these records:
Land and Property
To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Oregon marriages click here.
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The date of the event
Search the Index
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the Record Type, Date Range and Volume to view the images.
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Search for vital records, such as birth, marriage, and death
- Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in census records
- Use the information found in the record to find land and property records
- Use the information found in the record to find probate records
- Use the information in a naturalization record to find other a
- Use a naturalization record to Learn foreign and “Americanized” names ship manifest
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching a nearby locality
- Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names, or even initials
Consult the Oregon Research Tips and Strategies and its Record Finder to search other records.
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
- "Oregon, Columbia County Records, 1854-1958." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Columbia County Clerk's Office, St. Helens.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.