Orange County, Vermont Genealogy

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United States
Orange County

Guide to Orange County, Vermont ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Orange County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Orange County
Location in the state of Vermont
Founded October 18, 1785
County Seat Chelsea
Address Orange County Courthouse
5 Court Street, PO Box 95
Chelsea, VT 05038
Fax: 802-685-3246
Orange County Website

County Courthouse

Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death, burial and land records; County Clerk has divorce and court records from 1781 and land records from 1771; Probate Judge has probate records from 1771.[1]

Towns Organized Before 1800:
Bradford 1770
Braintree 1781
Brookfield 1781
Chelsea 1781
Corinth 1764
Fairlee 1761
Newbury 1763
Orange 1781
Randolph 1781
Straford 1761
Thetford 1761
Topsham 1763
Turnbridge 1761
Vershire 1781
Washington 1781
West Fairlee 1779
Williamstown 1781 [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Vermont County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Vermont County Boundary Maps" (1764-1895) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities


Extinct Town:Norfolk[3]


  • Newbury
  • Wells River


  • Bradford

Neighboring Counties

Addison | Caledonia | Washington | Windsor | Grafton County, New Hampshire



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VTTombstone Project WorldCat Billion Graves
Billion Graves
See Vermont Cemeteries for more information.


A transcript of the 1771 census of Gloucester County, New York survives:

  • O'Callaghan, Edmund B. Documentary History of the State of New York Vol. 4 (1851):709.[4] Digital version at Internet Archive - free.





Local Histories


WindsorAddisonWashingtonCaledoniaGrafton, New HampshireVT ORANGE.PNG
About this image
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for more resources


Civil War

Regiments and Companies:

- 2nd Regiment, Vermont Infantry
- 4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry, Companies B and K



Online Probate Records

Orange County Probate Districts

  • Randolph District - Braintree, Brookfield, Chelsea, Orange, Randolph, Tunbridge, Washington and Williamstown.
  • Bradford District - Bradford, Corinth, Fairlee, Newbury, Strafford, Thetford, Topsham, Vershire and West Fairlee.
  • Orange District - in 1994 the Randolph and Bradford Districts merged under the Orange District.


Vital Records

See also How to order Vermont Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for the following Vermont certificates:

Downloadable applications from Vermont Department of Health.

Societies and Libraries

See also a List of Vermont Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Historical Societies

Bradford Historical Society
Woods Academy Building
172 North Main Street
Bradford, VT
PO Box 424
Bradford, VT 05033

Braintree Historical Society
2766 Braintree Hill Road
Braintree, VT 05060
Telephone: 802-728-5272

Brookfield Historical Society
Marvin Newton House
Ridge Road
PO Box 447
Brookfield, VT 05041

Chelsea Historical Society
Route 110, Main Street
274 East Randolph Road
Chelsea, VT 05038
Telephone: 802-685-4447

Corinth Historical Society, Inc.
Corinth Academy Museum
1767 Center Road
Corinth, VT 05039
Telephone: 802-685-3812

Fairlee Historical Society
Town Hall
75 Town Common Rd
PO Box 95
Fairlee, VT 05045
Telephone: 802-333-4363

Newbury Historical Society
155 Tyler Farm Rd
PO Box 33
Newbury, VT 05051
Telephone: 816-233-7687 or 802-757-2256

Thetford Historical Society
Historical Library: Bicentennial Building
16 Library Road
PO Box 33
Thetford, VT 05074

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 699. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists, 181.
  3. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 395. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.
  4. Harry Macy, "Newtown Census of 1771," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 117, No. 1 (Jan. 1986):8. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 117. The original census records were destroyed in a 1911 fire at the New York State Library.