Ontario County, Ontario Genealogy

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Guide to Ontario County ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

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Civil Registration

Birth

Marriage

Death


Writing for a More Recent Birth, Marriage, or Death Record

  • ServiceOntario, Birth Records is the only government-authorized source for obtaining birth certificates. Go to the section entitled "Order a Birth Search". This is the most economical, searches the widest time period, and allows searches for people not immediately related. A letter of information is provided rather than a certificate.
  • ServiceOntario, Marriage Records offers a marriage search option and a historical certificate option.
  • ServiceOntario, Death Records offers a death search option and a historical certificate option. Also official death certificates are available to a wider range of relatives than birth and marriage certificates.

FamilySearch Library Microfilmed Records

Some of the church/civil records have been microfilmed by FamilySearch.These microfilms may be available for viewing at Family History Centers around the world. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on records for Canada, Ontario, Ontario County. You will see a list of available records for the county.
b. You will also see above the list the link Places within Canada, Ontario, Ontario County. This will take you to a list of towns in the counties, which are links to records for the specific town.
c. Click on any topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
d. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

Census Records


Year Census Links

1800-1842

Ontario and Nova Scotia Census, 1800-1842

Ancestry $

1851

Canada Census, 1851

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1861

Census of Canada, 1861

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1871

Census of Canada, 1871

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1881

Census of Canada, 1881

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1891

Census of Canada, 1891

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1901

Census of Canada, 1901

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com $

1911

Census of Canada, 1911

Archives of Canada
FamilySearch
Ancestry $

1921

Census of Canada, 1921

Ancestry $

Church Records

Church records can include baptisms, marriages, burials, membership lists, financial business, and other records for a particular congregation. They may be available online or on microfilm, but frequently they are still with the local church or in centralized archives by religion. The Canadian census records asked for the religion of those listed, so you will be able to narrow down which archives to consult. For help with writing a letter requesting copies of records, see Letter Writing Guide for Genealogy.

Online Church Records

These records are incomplete.

($).

Cemetery Records

See, Ontario Cemeteries for information on cemetery record collections not yet digitized, but available in published sources and on microfilm.

Online Cemetery Records

Useful Websites

  • Canadian Geographical Names Data Base (CGNDB) - gives brief information about a place, including historic names/places. For historic information, scroll to #3, and click Formerly Official, also try with All.
  • Google Maps - shows the whereabouts of places on a map.
  • Google Images - shows pictures/photos/old maps (sometimes) of a place.
  • WorldCat - shows sources (books, maps, etc.) at various libraries/repositories, etc. for a place.

Notes

  • Listed below are the Populated Places in this district, according to the Gazetteer of Canada: Ontario of 1962.[1]  This gazetteer is used for the sources of locations or Populated Places in the Family History Library Catalog for the Province of Ontario.
  • If you wish the current division, where your Populated Place now exists, check the Canadian Geographical Names Data Base listed above.

Populated Places Table

1 2 3 4 5

POPULATED PLACE

FORMER NAME, if applicable TYPE

FHL  CATALOG

WIKIPEDIA

 Ajax       Link   Link
 Altona        Link   Link
 Ashburn        Link   Link
 Beaverton        Link   Link
 Brechin       Link   Link
 Brock    Township   Link   Link
 Brooklin       Link   Link
 Brougham        Link   Link
 Cannington        Link   Link
 Claremont        Link   Link
 Columbus          Link   Link
 East Whitby    Township    Link   Link
 Fairport       Link   Link
 Fawkham         Link   Link
 Glasgow       Link   Link 
 Goodwood       Link   Link
 Green River        Link   Link
 Greenbank       Link   Link
 Greenwood        Link   Link
 Humber Bay        Link   Link
 Kinsale       Link   Link
 Longford       Link   Link
 Manilla       Link   Link
 Mara   Township    Link   Link
 Mount Carmel       Link   Link
 Myrtle        Link   Link
 Oshawa       Link   Link
 Pickering      Link   Link
 Pickering   Township    Link   Link
 Pinedale       Link   Link
 Port Perry      Link   Link
 Port Whitby         Link   Link
 Prince Albert         Link   Link
 Raglan         Link   Link
 Rama   Township    Link   Link
 Reach   Township   Link   Link
 Sandford       Link   Link
 Scott     Township   Link   Link
 Scugog     Township    Link   Link
 Seagrave       Link   Link
 Sebright           Link   Link  
 Siloam         Link   Link
 Simcoe Point         Link   Link
 Sunderland          Link   Link
 Thorah   Township    Link   Link
 Udney         Link   Link
 Uptergrove       Link   Link
 Utica        Link   Link
 Uxbridge       Link   Link
 Uxbridge     Township    Link   Link
 Vroomanton         Link   Link
 Whitby         Link   Link
 Whitby     Township    Link   Link
 Whitevale       Link   Link
 Zephyr      Link   Link
 ANY NEW LOCATIONS IN FHL CATALOG???      Link  

Websites

The Forebears website will give you an extensive list of websites that could have information for people who lived in this county. Some sites cover just the county, some cover all of Ontario, and some cover all of Canada. Some sites are databases of names and facts about people; other sites cover background information such as maps, history, geography, or genealogy strategies and methods for the region.

History

Name and structure after late 20th century reorganization

Since 1974 most of Ontario County is part of Durham Region. Its two most northern townships of Rama and Mara were transferred to Simcoe County at the same time.

Places/Localities

Townships

The original townships of Ontario County (working first east then north from the southwest corner) were as follows:

  • Pickering
  • Whitby
  • East Whitby
  • Uxbridge
  • Reach
  • Scugog
  • Scott
  • Thorah
  • Mara
  • Rama

Independently incorporated towns and villages to late 20th century reorganization

  • Pickering Village (established as a village in the 19th century, but alterations occurred in the 20th century with the growth of Ajax)
  • Whitby Town
  • Oshawa (became a city before the establishment of Durham Region in 1974)
  • Uxbridge Village (then town)
  • Ajax (established during World War 2 within Pickering Township and grew with its industries to become the major municipality within the township. The original Pickering Village is located within Ajax.

Neighbouring Counties

  • York (to the west)
  • Simcoe (to the north)
  • Durham (to the east)

(The southern boundary is Lake Ontario.)


  1. Gazetteer of Canada. Ontario, (Ottawa, Ontario: Geographical Branch, Dept. of Mines and Technical Surveys, 1962). FHL book 971.3 E5c