Oneida County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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United States
Oneida County

Guide to Oneida County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Oneida
Organized: April 11, 1885
Parent County(s): Lincoln County[1]
Neighboring Counties
Forest  • Langlade  • Lincoln  • Price  • Vilas
See County Maps
Oneida County Wisconsin Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
WI Oneida.png

County Information


The County was named for Oneida people. The County has Rhinelander as its seat and the County was created 1887. The County is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Oneida County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Rhinelander, WI 54501
Phone: 715-369-6144
Oneida County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, and land records.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records.
Register in Probate has probate records. [3]

Oneida County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1887 1888 1887 1887 1887 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1907. General compliance year unknown.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1885--Oneida County was created 11 April 1885 from Lincoln County.
  • County seat: Oneida[5]

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Oneida County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 5,010
1900 8,875 77.1%
1910 11,433 28.8%
1920 13,996 22.4%
1930 15,899 13.6%
1940 18,938 19.1%
1950 20,648 9.0%
1960 22,112 7.1%
1970 24,427 10.5%
1980 31,216 27.8%
1990 31,679 1.5%
2000 36,776 16.1%
2010 35,998 −2.1%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Oneida census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

American Indians

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Price CountyLincoln CountyLanglade CountyForest CountyVilas CountyWI ONEIDA.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Oneida Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Oneida Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.





Research Facilities


  • History Center and Archives, Northern Great Lakes Visitor Center
    Wisconsin Historical Society
    29270 County Highway G
    Ashland, WI 54806-9339
    Phone: 715-685-2647

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Historical Societies and Museums
  • The History Center and Archives at Ashland
    (a branch of the Wisconsin Historical Society)
  • Lakeland Area Genealogical Society
    PO Box 308
    Minocqua, WI 54548
  • Northwoods Genealogical Society
    PO Box 1132
    Rhinelander, WI 54501-1132
  • Three Lakes Genealogical Society
    PO Box 101
    Three Lakes, WI 54562
  • Northland Historical Society
    PO Box 325
    Lake Tomahawk, WI 54539
    Phone: 715-356-7423
  • Rhinelander Historical Society
    9 S Pelham St
    Rhinelander, WI 54501
    Phone: 715-282-6120
  • Woodruff Historical Society
    PO Box 851
    Woodruff, WI 54568
    Phone: 715-356-3582


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Oneida County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Wisconsin."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Oneida County, Wisconsin. Page 755-760, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 757-759.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Oneida County, Wisconsin," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Wisconsin, accessed 23 September 2018.