Olmsted County, Minnesota Genealogy

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Guide to Olmsted County, Minnesota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rochester
Organized: August 27, 1855[1]
Parent County(s): Fillmore, Wabasha, Rice, Non-County Area 4[2]
Neighboring Counties
Dodge  • Fillmore  • Goodhue  • Mower  • Wabasha  • Winona
See County Maps
Minnesota, Olmsted Govt Center.png
Location Map
Minnesota Olmsted County Map.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for David Olmsted. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Olmsted County Courthouse
151 SE 4th Street
Rochester, MN 55904
Phone: 507-328-6001
Olmsted County Website

Clerk District Court incomplete birth and death records from 1871, marriage records from 1855, divorce records from 1860 and court records form 1858.
County Court has probate records. Coroner and Department of Health have burial records.[4]

Olmsted County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1871 1855 1871 1858 1855 1864 1836
*Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Olmsted County, Minnesota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For links to Federal, State, and Territorial censuses, see Minnesota Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 9,524
1870 19,793 107.8%
1880 21,543 8.8%
1890 19,806 −8.1%
1900 23,119 16.7%
1910 22,497 −2.7%
1920 28,014 24.5%
1930 35,426 26.5%
1940 42,658 20.4%
1950 48,228 13.1%
1960 65,532 35.9%
1970 84,104 28.3%
1980 92,006 9.4%
1990 106,470 15.7%
2000 124,277 16.7%
2010 144,248 16.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Church Ward and Branch Records

  • Rochester


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Olmsted County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Goodhue CountyWabasha CountyWinona CountyFillmore CountyMower CountyDodge CountyWisconsinMN OLMSTED.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Civil War service men from Olmsted County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Olmsted County.

- 1st Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry (Mounted Rangers), Company I.
- 1st Regiment, Minnesota Heavy Artillery, Company H.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Companies A and B.
- 2nd Regiment, Minnesota Cavalry, Company L.
- 3rd Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Companies C and K.
- 5th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company I.
- 6th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company H.
- 8th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company D.
- 9th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company F
- 11th Regiment, Minnesota Infantry, Company H.
- Brackett's Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, Companies C and D.

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Olmsted County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - link to search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Olmsted County. For state-wide library facilities, see Minnesota Archives and Libraries.

History Center of Olmstead County
1195 W Circle Dr SW
Rochester, MN 55902
Email: archivist@olmstedhistory.com

Rochester Public Library
101 2nd Street SE
Rochester, MN 55904

Rochester Mini-libraries

Museums[edit | edit source]

History Center Campus, Museum Gallery
1195 W Circle Dr SW
Rochester, MN 55902

Mayowood Mansion
3720 Mayowood Rd SW
Rochester, MN 55902

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Olmsted County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Minnesota Societies.

Olmsted County Genealogical Society
PO Box 6411
Rochester, MN 55903

Olmsted County Historical Society
1195 County Rd 22 SW
Rochester, MN 55902
E-mail: ervices@olmstedhistory.com

Norwegians of Dodge & Olmsted, Minnesota

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 11 Feb 2021.
  2. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 11 Feb 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Olmsted County, Minnesota" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olmsted_County,_Minnesota accessed 14 Nov 2018
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 11 Feb 2021.
  7. Minnesota Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed 11 Feb 2021.
  8. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Minnesota.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Olmsted County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olmsted_County%2C_Minnesota, accessed 14 February 2020.