Ohio in the War of 1812

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

For the War of 1812, Ohio furnished 1,759 officers and 24,521 enlisted men, distributed as follows:

First Regiment Infantry, 108 Companies.
Second Regiment Infantry, 85 Companies.
Third Regiment Infantry, 56 Companies.
Unassigned Infantry, 185 Companies.
Assigned to U. S. Infantry, 5 Companies.
Mounted Infantry, 25 Companies.
Cavalry, 13 Troops.
Artillery, 1 Battery.[1]

Another source detailed that Ohio supplied 21,643 infantry men, 2,814 cavalry men, 113 artillery men, and 133 men in miscellaneous troops for a total of 24,703 men.[2]

Explanation of the Major Record Types[edit | edit source]

  • Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).

Rosters[edit | edit source]

  • Ohio. Adjutant General Report Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812 (s.l.: Clearfield Co., 1916).(Free). Search for individual names using site search field at Ohio Historical Society War of 1812 - Roster of Ohio Soldiers or read/search at Internet Archive. Book lists the men by regiment, company, and rank with the dates of the company's service. Search Officers and ranked men other than privates in firstname - lastname order. Search enlisted men under privates in lastname - firstname order. (Accessed 11 May 2012).
  • Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812, (Columbus, Ohio: Press of E. T. Miller Co., 1916). FHL Digital Book. Print version: FHL Q book 977.1 M23r.  This is indexed in Grace Garner's and Jeff Linscott's books below.
  • General Society of the War of 1812,The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to October 1, 1899]. (Philadelphia, Dewey & Eakens, Makers 1899). Family Search. FHL Digital Bookcontains registers for eight states and District of Columbia. Descendant Members of the Ohio Society identifies veteran ancestor by name, his rank, unit in which he served, dates of service, etc., page 165.
  • Ancestry. War of 1812 Service Records ($). Database gives name, company, rank at time of induction and at time of discharge of men mustered into the armed forces between 1812 and 1825. (Accessed 11 May 2012) .
  • United States. Work Projects Administration (Ohio), Ohio Roster of soldiers in the War of 1812 [Index], 657 pages. (film of typescript) FHL film 195485 Item 1
  • Garner, Grace, Index to Roster of Ohio soldiers, War of 1812, (Spokane, Washington: Eastern Washington Genealogical Society, 1974), 119 pages. 977.1 M23r 1989 index
  • Linscott, Jeff A, comp., An organized listing of the soldiers of Ohio who served in the War of 1812, (Colorado Springs, Colorado, [1993]), 515 pages. FHL Book 977.1 M23r index
  • Peters, Sunda Anderson and Kay Ballantyne Hudson: Ohio War of 1812 soldiers' family groups (Ohio Society, United States Daughters of 1812, c2005), 366 pages. FHL Book 977.1 M2

Pension Records[edit | edit source]

A soldier may have been recorded in state records (see below) or in federal records (see US War of 1812 Pension Records).

The War of 1812 Pension Application Index groups pensioners by surname, not by state in which they enlisted, and links them to the digital image of their pension card at Internet Archives. (Free).  Pension cards, which exist for soldiers from all states involved in the war, may contain name of soldier and spouse, military unit, enlistment and discharge dates, bounty land warrant number, residency of soldier and widow, marriage date and place, and death of soldier and widow. Federal troops are not included. Currently being indexed by name. (Accessed 10 June 2012).

  • Phillips, W. Louis, Index to Ohio Pensioners of 1883, (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987). This index gives the names and residences of persons receiving federal pensions in 1883. This includes veterans of the Civil War and the War of 1812 or their widows. FHL book 977.1 M2ph and fiche 6087608.

Cemetery Records[edit | edit source]

  • Miller, Phyllis Brown, Index to the grave records of servicemen of the War of 1812, state of Ohio, (Brookville, Ohio: Dillon's Printery, c1988), 278 pages. This index includes the name, rank, unit, birth and death dates of each soldier and his wife, sources of information, and year of entry of the graves registration form into Daughters of 1812 records. This source indexes 5,197 grave registration forms submitted between 1937 and 1987 by members of the United States Daughters of 1812 in the state of Ohio. FHL book 977.1V22.
  • Diefenbach, Josephine and Mrs. C.O. Ross, Index to the grave records of soldiers of the War of 1812 buried in Ohio, (microfilm of original published: [S.l.: s.n., 1945]). 71 pages. FHL fiche 6100370.
  • Baldwin, Henry R., Oldest inscriptions, with Revolutionary and War of 1812 records of the cemeteries of Trumbull, Mahoning and Columbiana Counties, Ohio, and Lawrence, Mercer and Beaver Counties, Pennsylvania, (Microfilm of typescript (590, [9] leaves; taken in 1907) at the State Library of Ohio, D.A.R. Collection, Columbus, Ohio). FHL film 317511.
  • Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Northeastern Ohio, (Microfilm of records located at the Western Reserve Historical Society Library, Cleveland, Ohio, 1987). FHL film 1522899 Item 4.
  • Miller, Phyllis Brown, editor. Index to the Grave Records of Servicemen of the War of 1812, State of Ohio. Brockville, Ohio: Dillon’s Princely, 1988. (FHL book 977.1 V22u 1988; film 0496718 item 5.) (1969 edition FHL film 0496718 item 15.) This index includes the name, rank, unit, birth and death dates of each soldier and his wife, sources of information, and year of entry of the graves registration form into Daughters of 1812 records. This source indexes 5,197 grave registration forms submitted between 1937 and 1987 by members of the United States Daughters of 1812 in the state of Ohio.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Snugden, John, Tecumseh's last stand (Norman, Oklahoma, University of Oklahoma Press, 1989). FHL Book 970.1 Su33
  • Phillips, W. Louis, Annotated bibliography of Ohio patriots: Revolutionary War and War of 1812 (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, c1985) 49 pages. FHL book 977.1 M23

Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Slocum, Charles Elihu, The Ohio country between the years 1783 and 1815: including military operations that twice saved to the United States the country west of the Alleghany Mountains after the Revolutionary War, (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1910). 321 pages. FHL film 941311.

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Ohio War of 1812 Bicentennial Committee has lists of links for Ohio and the United States. It also has information about books, other resources, historical sites, etc.

Important National and International Sources[edit | edit source]

  • United States in the War of 1812 has lists of records, books, etc. for the United States, not just one state. The federal records are listed here rather than on each state page. Two of the most important are:
  • War of 1812, 1812 to 1815 has lists of general books and documentaries, as well as a list battles with links to web sites about the battles, and other information not tied to one country.

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio. Adjutant General. Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812, (s.l.: Clearfield Co., 1916).
  2. Wesley Potter Kremer. 100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles. (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. Internet Archive.