Ohio County, West Virginia Genealogy

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United States
West Virginia
Ohio County

Guide to Ohio County, West Virginia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wheeling
Organized: October 7, 1776
Parent County(s): West Augusta District
Neighboring Counties
Belmont (OH)  • Brooke  • Jefferson (OH)  • Marshall  • Washington (PA)
See County Maps
Ohio County Courthouse West Virginia.jpg
Location Map

County Information


County Courthouse

Ohio County Courthouse
1500 Chapline Street
Wheeling, WV 26003-3553
Phone: 304-234-3656
Ohio County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1853, marriage records from 1793, probate records from 1777, land records from 1778.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1884.[1]

Ohio County, West Virginia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1793 1778 1776 1790

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Ohio County was part of Yohogania County, West Virginia before most of that county went to Pennsylvania in 1776.

For animated maps illustrating West Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation West Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. FHL. Includes a section on Wheeling silversmiths.


Cemeteries of Ohio County, West Virginia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See West Virginia Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

For tips on accessing Ohio census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

Church Records


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  • Short Creek (1802) A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia. By Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale. (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), Page 440. Available online at Google Books.

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Ohio County fell within the bounds of the Red Stone Association.


Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Wheeling Monthly Meeting (1789-1823) aka Head of Wheeling. The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers. Jay Worrall. (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), Pages 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes


  • Beeler - Pappas, Carolyn H. "Christopher Beeler, 1705-1775," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1999):243-255; Vol. 44, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 2000):18-30; Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 2000):115-125. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
  • Craft - Craft, Kenneth Fischer. "The Craft Family in America," The Southwest Virginian, Vol. 4, No. 20 (Apr. 1981):43-45; Vol. 4, No. 21 (June 1981):36-39. FHL Book 975.57 D25s v. 4 (1981).
  • Dulin - Boss, Lula Reed. "Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Mason County, Kentucky," The Kentucky Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1968):25-33.


Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See West Virginia Land and Property for additional information about early West Virginia land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Ohio County, West Virginia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section West Virginia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Ohio County


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Ohio County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Ohio County supplied soldiers for the:

- 13th Virginia Regiment (3rd, 5th, 6th, and 9th Companies)[3]

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. See Virginia, Western District, Ohio County on page 135.

War of 1812

Ohio County men served in the 4th Regiment.[4]

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Ohio served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ohio County:

Civil War service men from Ohio County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Ohio County.


- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Infantry, Companies A, B, C, E, and K.
- 1st Regiment, West Virginia Light Artillery, Battery A Light Artillery.


- 27th Regiment, Virginia Infantry Company G (Shriver Greys).[5]

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

How can West Virginia tax lists help me?

  • 1787 - Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. FHL. The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Ohio County is included in Vol. 2.
  • 1790 - Indexed images of the 1790 Personal Property Tax List of Ohio County, Virginia(now West Virginia) are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1802 - Images of the 1802 Personal Property Tax Lists of Ohio County, Virginia(now West Virginia) are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1815 - Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. FHL Book 975 E4w v. 6. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Ohio County is included in Vol. 6.

West Virginia real and personal property tax records are managed by the County Assessor in each county. Land and land improvements are considered real property while mobile property is classified as personal property.

Many County Assessors offer an online searchable database, where assessment record searches can be performed by name, account number, year, or mp/parcel number. Where online records are not available, requests for records can be made to the Assessment Office in person, by phone, or in writing.

The search for tax information can start here

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), West Virginia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. E.M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations in the American Revolution, 1774-1787 (Richmond, Va.: Virginia State Library, 1978), 69. FHL Book 975.5 M2s.
  4. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 163. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  5. Lowell Reidenbaugh, 27th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 90.