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Ohio, Montgomery County Probate Estate Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Ohio, Montgomery County, Probate Estate Files, 1850-1900
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Montgomery, Ohio, United States
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Flag of Ohio
US Locator Map Ohio Montgomery.PNG
Location of Montgomery County, Ohio
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Location of Ohio
Record Description
Record Type Probate
Collection years 1850-1900
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
County Records Center and Archives, Dayton.


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of images to probate estate files from the Montgomery County Records Center and Archive in Dayton, Ohio. The files are typically chronological and have a case file number.

These files include all documents related to estate settlement, such as inventories, receipts, wills, accounts, administrations, appraisals, minutes, bonds, petitions, and guardianships. For additional information about probate records see the section "General Information About These Records" below.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Ohio, Montgomery County, Probate Estate Files, 1850-1900.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Probate

  • Name of testator or deceased
  • Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends
  • Names of witnesses
  • Residence of testator
  • Lists of belongings, property, and so forth
  • Document and recording dates (Sometimes the date of death will be given. Recording dates are also used to approximate event dates, i.e. a letter of administration was usually written shortly after the time of death.)

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

Most probate records were created on a county level. The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law and the personality of the record keeper.

Probate records in the state fall into two general categories: wills and estate papers. Most records mention the names of heirs and frequently specify how those heirs are related. Names of children may be given, as well as married names of daughters. Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate.

Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.

The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceeding are quite reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members and those who have previously received an inheritance, or the spouse mentioned may not be the parent of the children mentioned.

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The date of death
  • The names of possible relatives named in the probate file

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the Record Type, Date Range and Volume to view the images.


How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Look at the actual image of the record, if you can, to verify the information and to find additional information.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the probate record to identify adoptions, guardians, heirs and relatives
  • Use the probate record to approximate a death date, then find a death certificate
  • For earlier years, use the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records
  • Search for vital records such as birth, marriage, and death
  • Use the information found in the record to find immigration and land records
  • Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in census records

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names, or even initials
  • Consult the Ohio Record Finder to find other records

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Ohio.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.