Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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United States
Ohio
Jefferson County
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Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records, 1797-1947 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Jefferson, Ohio, United States
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Flag of Ohio
US Locator Map Ohio Jefferson.PNG
Location of Jefferson County, Ohio
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Location of Ohio
Record Description
Record Type Court Records
Collection years 1797-1947
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites



What is in This Collection?

The collection consists of records from Jefferson County, Ohio. An index is being created in cooperation with the Jefferson County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society and will be published as it becomes available.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records, 1797-1947.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The record content varies by record type. It may include any of the following pieces of information:

  • Name of primary individual
  • Event date
  • Event place
  • Residence
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Names of parents
  • Biographical information about parents such as date and place of birth
  • Names of heirs, such as spouse, children, other relatives, or friends
  • Names of the executor, administrator, or guardian
  • Names of witnesses
  • Dates the documents were written and recorded (used to approximate event dates since a will was usually written near the time of death)
  • Description and value of property or land

Collection Content

Coverage Table and Map

The coverage table shows the places and time periods covered in the records for this collection. Most of the records in the collection are from the time periods listed in the table; however, the collection may have a few records from before or after the time period.

To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of Ohio marriages click here.

County Years Covered
Probate Records 1797-1947
Birth Records 1797-1947
Marriage Records 1867-1947
Death Records 1867-1947

Sample Images

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name or names of the primary individuals in the court record.
  • The approximate date the event occurred.
  • The place where the event occurred.
  • The case number.

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the Record category
  2. Select the Record Type, Year Range and Volume Number or Letter which takes you to the images.


You may be able to obtain a probate case number for your ancestors by contacting the county courthouse at the following address:

Jefferson County Probate Court
301 Market Street
Steubenville, OH 43952
Telephone: 740-283-8554
Address e-mail inquiries to:

  • fverstraten@dishmail.net
  • maryanash@jeffersoncountyoh.com

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Look at the actual image of the record, if you can, to verify the information and to find additional information.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
  • Use a Probate record to identify adoptions, guardians, heirs and relatives.
  • Use a probate record to approximate a death date, then find a death certificate.
  • For earlier years, use the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism and marriage records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find immigration and land records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find additional family members in censuses.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records were kept years before counties began keeping records. They are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county.
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records.

For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records).

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Ohio, Jefferson County Court Records, 1797-1947." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. County Courthouse, Steubenville.

Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.