Nova Scotia First Nations

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History[edit | edit source]

  • The province includes regions of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'kma'ki (mi'gama'gi). (The territory of the Nation of Mi'kma'ki also includes the Maritimes, parts of Maine, Newfoundland and the Gaspé Peninsula.) The Mi'kmaq people are among the large Algonquian-language family and inhabited Nova Scotia at the time the first European colonists arrived.
  • The French arrived in 1604, and Catholic Mi'kmaq and Acadians formed the majority of the population of the colony for the next 150 years.
  • As a result of Father Rale's War (1722–1725), the Mi'kmaq signed a series of treaties with Great Britain in 1725. The British signed a treaty (or "agreement") with the Mi'kmaq, but the authorities have often disputed its definition of the rights of the Mi'kmaq to hunt and fish on their lands. However, conflict between the Acadians, Mi'kmaq, French, and the British persisted in the following decades with King George's War (1744–1748).
  • The Loyalist influx pushed Nova Scotia's 2000 Mi'kmaq People to the margins as Loyalist land grants encroached on ill-defined native lands. [1]

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

  • Canada, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Indians of Quebec and the Maritime Provinces. Ottawa, Canada 1970. FHL book 970.1 Al no. 2
  • Clarke, George Frederick, Someone Before Us: Our Maritime Indians. FHL book 970.1 C552s
  • Ray, Roger B. The Indians of Maine and the Atlantic Provinces: A Bibliographic Guide. Maine Historical Society. 1977. FHL book 970.441 R213i

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Nova Scotia", at Wikipedia,, accessed 22 November 2020.