North Carolina Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

North Carolina was the 12th state to join the Union on November 21, 1789.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1790 1800 1810 1820
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
1830 1840 1850 1860
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
1870 1880 1890 1900
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
1910 1920 1930 1940
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for North Carolina[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1890 Veterans at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1880 Mortality at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1880 Manufacturing at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1870 Mortality at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1870 Industry at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1870 Agriculture at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1860 Slave Owner at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1860 Mortality at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1860 Manufacturing at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1850 Slave Owner at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1850 Mortality at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1850 Manufacturing at Ancestry ($) - index and images
1840 Pensioners at Ancestry ($) - index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1784-1787 State (counties missing), head of household at Ancestry ($) - index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Indian Census Rolls of North Carolina[edit | edit source]

Indian census rolls, Cherokee, 1898-1939 Catawba Indian records, 1849
Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835 Cherokees, east of MS river, 1835 index
Cherokee muster rolls, 1834,1837,1838

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service

Sources and footnotes[edit | edit source]