New Brunswick Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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New Brunswick Census, 1861
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|New Brunswick, Canada|
|Flag of Canada|
|Location of New Brunswick, Canada|
|Title in the Language|
|Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 4 What Do I Do Next?
- 5 Citing This Collection
- 6 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
This collection contains the 1861 census for the province of New Brunswick. At this time New Brunswick was considered a separate colony from the rest of the old Province of Canada. This census was created separately and differs from the form used in the other areas of the Province of Canada. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.
The recording of names for the 1861 New Brunswick census was by census district. For the most part, census districts were identical with cities and counties, and sub districts were identical with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
This census records the birthplace or ethnic origin for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.
What Can These Records Tell Me?
Records usually contain the following information:
- Full name of family members
- Relationships of all individuals in household to head of household
- Place of birth
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The name of a relative or date of the event
Search the Index
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at New Brunswick Census, 1861. Click on camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later
- Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in additional censuses
- Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records
- Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?
- Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. You could get a copy of the original record from the Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county
- Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
- Consult the New Brunswick Record Finder Table to find other records
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
- "New Brunswick Census, 1861." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.