Natchez People

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Alabama Gotoarrow.png Mississippi Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of Alabama Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of Mississippi Gotoarrow.png Natchez People

Linguistic group: Muskogean

Original homeland: Southwestern Mississippi along the Mississippi River

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Notchietown (Main) Office
P.O. Box 484
Gore (at Notchietown), Oklahoma 74435


Fort Smith Office
1008 North 14th Street
Fort Smith, Arkansas 72901

Eastern Band Natchez
79 Bluff Road
Columbia, South Carolina 29201-0456

Edisto Natchez - Kusso
1125 Ridge Road
Ridgeville, South Carolina 29472
Phone: 1-843-871-2126

official web site:

History[edit | edit source]

Early encounter with explorers 1543 Hernando de Soto, and in 1682 visit from Sieur de La Salle brought missionaries and fur traders.

Relationship was established with the French which later became a conflict when the Nachez Revolt was caused by the French governor, Chopart's desire to acquire their principal village as a plantation. The Nachez massacre of the French at Fort Rosalie.  The French joined forces with the Choctaw and the retaliation resulted in the Natchez leaving their villages in 1730 and dispersing among the Chickasaw, Creek, Catawba and Cherokee.

In the 1830's they removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory

On Line history

Brief Time Line[edit | edit source]

  • 1713: The French establish a trading post
  • 1716: Fort Rosalie established later becoming the center of the Nachez Revolt
  • 1716, 1722, 1729:the tribe was at war with the French
  • 1718: European colonists negotiated for land - for large plantations
  • 1729 - 1731: Nachez Revolt; The French forced about 400 Natchez to surrender; killing some and sending others to Santo Domingo as slaves. Other tribal survivors joined the Chickasaw, Creek, Catawba,Cherokee and Seminole tribes.
  • 1730: French and Choctaw joined forces against the Natchez,
  • 1832: Removed with their host tribes to Indian Territory
  • Assimilated into their host Tribes and lost their identity.

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Choctaw Agency- Mississippi

Choctaw Agency - Oklahoma

Chickasaw Agency- East

Chickasaw Agency -Oklahoma

Chickasaw and Seminole Agency

Creek Agency - Georgia

Creek Agency - Oklahoma

Cherokee Agency- Arkansas

Cherokee Agency - North Carolina

Cherokee Agency - Oklahoma

Cherokee Agency - Tennessee

Seminole Agency - Florida

Seminole Agency - Oklahoma

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Choctaw Reservation

Chickasaw Reservation

Creek Reservation

Cherokee Reservation

Seminole Reservation

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

References[edit | edit source]