Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States
Georgia
Muscogee County

Guide to Muscogee County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Columbus
Organized: December 11, 1826
Parent County(s): Creek Indian lands[1]
Neighboring Counties
Chattahoochee  • Harris  • Lee (AL)  • Russell (AL)  • Talbot
See County Maps
Courthouse
Muscogee (Columbus) County Court House Columbus, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Muscogee County Map.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for the native Muscogee or Creek people. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Muscogee County Courthouse
100 10th Street
PO Box 1340
Columbus, GA 31902
Phone: 706-653-4013
Muscogee County Website

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court and land records from 1838.[3]

Muscogee County, Georgia Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1838 1838 1838 1830

Record Loss

1838 The courthouse and court offices at Columbus burned 8 October 1838. Almost all the county records were lost.[4]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1826 Muscogee County was created 11 December 1826 from Creek Indian lands.
  • County seat: Columbus[5]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Muscogee County, Georgia:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Muscogee, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Muscogee County cemeteries.

Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Columbus

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Muscogee County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Martin, John H. Columbus, Geo., From Its Selection as a "Trading Town" in 1827, to Its Partial Destruction by Wilson's Raid, in 1865: History, Incident, Personality. Columbus, Ga.: T. Gilbert, 1874-1875. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Telfair, Nancy. A History of Columbus, Georgia: 1828-1928. Columbus, Ga.: Historical Pub. Co., c1929. Digital version at Ancestry ($)

Maps and Gazetteers

Gamuscogee.jpg

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Muscogee County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Muscogee County:

- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Ramsey's) (Confederate), Company B
- 2nd Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and G
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 10th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 12th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 17th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and F
- 20th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B, G and I
- 28th Battalion, Georgia Siege Artillery (Confederate), Company D and G
- 31st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies A and B
- 35th Battalion, Georgia (Confederate), Companies A and B
- 37th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B and K; Companies F and K, 3d Battalion
- 38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 46th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and K
- 54th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and H
- 64th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies F and I


  • Whitehead, Margaret Laney, and Barbara Bogart. 1979. City of progress: a history of Columbus, Georgia. Columbus, Georgia: Cosco Press. (page 116, 154) 975.8473 H2w
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Muscogee County). 1965. Confederate roster, and Confederate pension roll, 1919-1965. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. (United States, Georgia, Muscogee -- Military records -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Pensions.) 422017


World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Obituaries

Other Records

Voting Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

  • Columbus Public Library
    3000 Macon Rd.
    Columbus, GA 31906
    Phone: 706-243-2681
    Website
    Genealogy Department
    Local histories, biographies, censuses, maps, newspapers, genealogy classes, and more.

Museums

Societies

  • Historic Columbus Foundation
    700 Broadway
    Columbus, GA 31901-2921
    Website
  • Muscogee Genealogical Society
    Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Muscogee County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscogee_County,_Georgia accessed 2 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 45-46. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.