Montgomery County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Montgomery County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Troy
Organized: 1779
Parent County(s): Anson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Anson  • Davidson  • Moore  • Randolph  • Richmond  • Rowan  • Stanly
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Located in the south section of the State of North Carolina, Montgomery County is bounded by Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Davidson and Randolph Counties. When Montgomery County was formed in 1779 from Anson County, it was named in honor of General Richard Montgomery, a Revolutionary War brigadier who in 1775 lost his life at the battle of Quebec in the attempt to conquer Canada. [2][3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Montgomery County Courthouse
108 East Main Street
PO Box 527
Troy, NC 27371
Montgomery County Website

Clerk of the Superior Court has probate records starting from 1785.
Register of Deeds has birth and death records from 1913, marriage records from 1779, and deeds, deeds of trust, maps, military discharge records, notary public records.

Montgomery County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1779 1913 1842 1769 1785 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1835, 1840 Courthouse fires destroyed many records.
1886 Fire burned courthouse, most records saved but disorganized.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1779 Montgomery County was established from Anson County.
  • County seat: Troy[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Biscoe
  • Cheek Creek
  • Eldorado
  • Little River
  • Mount Gilead
  • Ophir
  • Pee Dee
  • Rocky Springs
  • Star
  • Troy
  • Uwharrie

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

When the county was first established it was specified that the first court should be held at the home of Henry Munger, and all subsequent courts should be held where the justices of peace decided until a courthouse was built. In 1783 the Assembly authorized the building of the courthouse on land previously purchased for that purpose. There was some dissatisfaction among the people as to the location that had been selected but this didn't sway the commissioners from the location they had selected. In an effort to appease the ones dissatisfied the act provided for adequate ferries across the Yadkin and Uwharrie Rivers on the court, public, and election days. The General Assembly was petitioned to authorize removal of the courthouse in 1785. In 1791 an act was passed directing that the center of the county be located by actual survey, and Stokes was to be established at that place. petitioned to authorize the removal of the courthouse. When the commissioners failed to act new commissioners were named in 1792. At that time the courts were to be held at the home of Mark Kenneth unless the justices decide on some more convenient place. The courthouse battle continued on for several more years with the commissioners in 1815 being named to again locate the center of the county, purchase land, and erect a courthouse. They were authorized to sell the old courthouse and lot in the town of Henderson and apply the proceeds to the erection of the new buildings. In 1816 Laurenceville was named under the authority of a law enacted in 1815 establishing a town at the courthouse. The courthouse was ordered to be moved in 1843 from Laurenceville to the geographical center. Commissioners were named to locate the center, to acquire land, to lay out a town and erect the public buildings. In 1844 Troy was established as the county seat and remains so today. [7]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Montgomery County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,039
1800 7,677 52.4%
1810 8,430 9.8%
1820 8,693 3.1%
1830 10,919 25.6%
1840 10,780 −1.3%
1850 6,872 −36.3%
1860 7,649 11.3%
1870 7,487 −2.1%
1880 9,374 25.2%
1890 11,239 19.9%
1900 14,197 26.3%
1910 14,967 5.4%
1920 14,607 −2.4%
1930 16,218 11.0%
1940 16,280 0.4%
1950 17,260 6.0%
1960 18,408 6.7%
1970 19,267 4.7%
1980 22,469 16.6%
1990 23,346 3.9%
2000 26,822 14.9%
2010 27,798 3.6%
Source: "".

The 1820 Census records for Montgomery County are missing and were likely lost in one of courthouse fires of 1835 and 1840.[8]

Church Records[edit | edit source]


  • Fork of Little River. Church built 1758.[9] Originally located in Anson.
  • Mouth of Hughwarry River. Constituted 1780.[9]
  • Rocky River P.D.R. Constituted 1758.[9]


  • Randall's United Methodist Church, near Norwood, N.C. Organized about 1785.[10] Later located in Stanly.
  • Zion United Methodist Church, near Pee Dee, N.C. Organized 1786. Originally known as Scarborough's Meeting House.[11]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines. Montgomery County has probate records starting from 1785, you should contact the Clerk's office for more specific details about the documents that you are seeking. Phone: 910-576-4211.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

The Register of Deeds office serves as the custodian for real estate and vital records for Montgomery County. The records include deeds, deeds of trust, maps, military discharge records, notary public records, birth certificates, death certificates, and marriage licenses. Deeds are currently indexed and searchable online from 1999; records are being updated regularly, so check back often.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Davidson CountyRandolph CountyMoore CountyRichmond CountyAnson CountyStanly CountyNC MONTGOMERY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Montgomery County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Montgomery County:

- 1st Brigade, North Carolina Reserves, Company E
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company E
- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company A
- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company I

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriage and death records are available at the Montgomery County Register of Deeds office. Montgomery County has marriage records from 1779, and birth & death records starting from 1913, when the State started requiring the registration of these vital records.

Online Records

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Montgomery County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Montgomery County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

  • Sandhill Regional Library System

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Montgomery County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

  • Stanly and Montgomery County, NC Genealogy

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Montgomery County
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montgomery County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Montgomery County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina, accessed 22 February 2020.
  7. Montgomery County
  8. Quote: The 1820 census is missing Currituck, Franklin, Martin, Montgomery, Randolph, and Wake counties.
  9. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:225-226; 2:566. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  10. "Randall's United Methodist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  11. "Zion United Methodist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  12. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at