Monroe County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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United States
Wisconsin
Monroe County


Guide to Monroe County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Sparta
Organized: March 21, 1854
Parent County(s): La Crosse County[1]
Neighboring Counties
Jackson  • Juneau  • La Crosse  • Vernon
See County Maps
Courthouse
Monroe County Courthouse WI.JPG
Location Map
WI Monroe.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for James Monroe. The County has Sparta as its seat and the County was created 1854. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Monroe County Courthouse
202 S K Street
Sparta, WI 54656
Phone: 608-269-8705
Monroe County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death, and land records.
Clerk of Courts has divorce, probate, court and naturalization records.
Veterans Service Office has military records. [3]

Monroe County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1854 1854 1867 1854 1851 1855 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1907. General compliance year unknown.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1854--Monroe County was created 21 March 1854 from La Crosse County.
  • County seat: Sparta[5]

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Monroe County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information

 

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 8,410
1870 16,550 96.8%
1880 21,607 30.6%
1890 23,211 7.4%
1900 28,103 21.1%
1910 28,881 2.8%
1920 28,666 −0.7%
1930 28,739 0.3%
1940 30,080 4.7%
1950 31,378 4.3%
1960 31,241 −0.4%
1970 31,610 1.2%
1980 35,074 11.0%
1990 36,633 4.4%
2000 40,899 11.6%
2010 44,673 9.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Monroe census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.

Lutheran

  • Records of Trinity Lutheran Church, Cashton, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Jackson CountyJuneau CountyVernon CountyLa Crosse CountyWI MONROE.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Monroe served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe:

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Obituaries

Other Records

Institutional Records

Photographs

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Monroe Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Monroe Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

  • Area Research Center
    Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
    1631 Pine St.
    La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
    Telephone: 608-785-8511
    Email: specoll@uwlax.edu
    Website
    Facebook
  • Monroe County Local History Room & Museum
    200 West Main Street, 1st Floor
    Sparta, WI 54656
    Phone: 608-269-8680
    Website
Monroe County Local History Room & Museum is a Monroe County Department that has microfilm of county newspapers, early vital records, Wisconsin and US Censuses, naturalization records, tax rolls, probate records, military registration lists, as well as court records, church records, plat maps, school records, some cemetery records, family history books and files, yearbooks, and a large photo archive for researchers to access. Records can be looked up in person or ordered via their website. Online indexes are always being updated and added to.
Search Monroe County Local History Room Archives Index to find archival material related to Monroe County families, or the Monroe County Local History Room & Museum Website to see if records are available for family members with ties to Monroe County and the surrounding area. MCLHR also has some records connected to neighboring counties.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

  • Murphy Library, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse
    Area Research Center
    1631 Pine St.
    La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601
    Telephone: 608-785-8511
    Email: specoll@uwlax.edu
    Website
    Facebook

Museums

Societies

  • Monroe County Historical Society
    PO Box 422
    Sparta, WI 54656
    Phone: 608-378-4388
    Website
  • Monroe, Jackson, Juneau Genealogical Workshop
    1510 Eaton Ave
    Tomah, WI 54660
    Phone: 608-372-7853
    Website
  • Foundation for Eastern European Family History Studies
    PO Box 321
    Springville, UT 84663
    Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Wisconsin ."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Wisconsin. Page 755-760, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 757-759.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Michigan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Michigan, accessed 23 September 2018.