Monroe County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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United States
Monroe County

Guide to Monroe County Wisconsin ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Monroe County, Wisconsin
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the U.S. highlighting Wisconsin
Location of Wisconsin in the U.S.
Founded information needed
County Seat Sparta
Monroe County
Monroe County Courthouse WI.JPG

County Information

Monroe County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1854 1854 1854 1860 1851 1855

County Courthouse

Monroe County Courthouse
202 S K Street
Sparta, WI 54656
Phone: 608.269.8705

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage death, and land records;
Clerk of Courts has divorce, probate, court and naturalization records;
Veterans Service Office has military records [1]

Monroe County Local History Room & Museum is a Monroe County Department that has microfilm of county newspapers, early vital records, Wisconsin and US Censuses, naturalization records, tax rolls, probate records, military registration lists, as well as court records, church records, plat maps, school records, some cemetery records, family history books and files, yearbooks, and a large photo archive for researchers to access. Located next to the Monroe County Courthouse at 200 West Main St., Sparta. Records can be looked up in person or ordered via their website. Online indexes are always being updated and added to.

Historical Facts

Parent County

1854--Monroe County was created 21 March 1854 from La Crosse County.County seat: Sparta [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Jackson  • Juneau  • La Crosse  • Vernon


Bible Records



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
WIGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
WIGenWeb Archives
WITombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information.


Church History and Records

  • Records of Trinity Lutheran Church, Cashton, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

Court Records

Crime and Criminals


Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups





Immigration and Travel

Institutional Records

Land and Property


Military History and Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are many companies or regiments that were formed from men of Monroe County.

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers and Obituaries



Probate Records

Online Records


Archives, Libraries and Museums
  • Monroe County Local History Room & Museum (MCLHR) is a county department with a research library, award-winning website with several genealogy databases, and museum dedicated to connecting people to the past in a meaningful way. Search the Monroe County Local History Room Archives Index to find archival material related to Monroe County families or the Monroe County Local History Room & Museum Website to see if records are available for family members with ties to Monroe County and the surrounding area. MCLHR also has some records connected to neighboring counties.
    • Address: 200 West Main St, Sparta, WI 54656
      • Located within the Museum Complex building: MCLHR is on the first floor, the Deke Slayton Memorial Space & Bicycle Museum is on the second floor.
    • Hours: Monday-Saturday, 9:00am-4:30pm
    • Telephone: 608-269-8680
County Courthouse
Family History Centers
  • Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

See also a List of Wisconsin Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

School Records


Monroe County Historical Society
PO Box 422
Sparta, WI 54656
Telephone: 608-378-4388

Monroe, Jackson, Juneau Genealogical Workshop
1510 Eaton Ave
Tomah, WI 54660

Telephone: 608-372-7853

Foundation for Eastern European Family History Studies
PO Box 321
Springville UT 84663


Vital Records

Birth Records
Marriage Records
Divorce Records
Death Records

Voting Registers



  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. page 758 Monroe County, Wisconsin (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).