Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy

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United States
Monroe County

Guide to Monroe County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Monroe County, Ohio
Boundary map of Monroe County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Monroe County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Monroe County Courthouse
101 N. Main St.
Woodsfield, Ohio 43793-1097
Monroe County Website

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records


*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries


The county was named for James Monroe. It's county seat is Woodsfield and was founded January 29, 1813. It is located in the South-East area of the state.[2]

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [3]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

Neighboring Counties

Belmont County  • Noble County  • Washington County  • Pleasants County, West Virginia  • Tyler County, West Virginia  • Wetzel County, West Virginia  • Marshall County, West Virginia

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1840, 1867 Courthouse fires may have damaged or destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves


OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Church Records

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Monroe County was initially served by the Ohio District Court from the county's creation in 29 Jan 1813. On 10 Feb 1855, the court was divided into Northern and Southern districts, and Monroe became part of the Southern District. On 3 Mar 1911, the court was further divided and Monroe was subsequently part of the Southern Eastern District. District and Circuit Courts had the same jurisdictions. See Ohio District Court Jurisdictions for a chart of the Ohio counties and the district courts that served them.

Ohio District and Circuit Court Records from 1803-1961 are held at the National Archives at Chicago.

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local histories are available for Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories
  • Monroe County Historical Society, History of the Early Communities of Monroe County, Ohio, (Monroe County Historical Society, Ohio). FHL book 977.196 H2mch v. 1-8
  • Maienknecht, Theresa A., and Stanley B., Monroe County, Ohio: A History, (Mt. Vernon, Indiana: Windmill Publications, 1989). FHL book 977.196 H2ma
  • Howe, Henry, Monroe County, Ohio: Chapter 2 from Historical Collections of Ohio, (Woodsfield, Ohio: Monroe County Historical Society, 1983). FHL book 977.196 H2m
  • Wolf, Carolyn Zogg, Nine Communities of Monroe County, Ohio: A History, (Woodsfield, Ohio: Monroe County Historical Society, 1984). FHL book 977.196 H2n

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
=====Finding More Land Records===== Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:


Belmont CountyNoble CountyWashington CountyTyler CountyWetzel CountyMarshall CountyOH MONROE.PNG
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for more resources


Civil War
- Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County.
- 116th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies A, C, D, E, and F

Naturalization and Citizenship


Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

The Spirit of Democracy newspaper was published in Woodville, Monroe, Ohio. Issues from 1844-1887 are available online at the Library of Congress through the Chronicling America website.




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

  • Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (1981).  Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981).FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Monroe County Courthouse
101 N Main Street
Woodsfield, OH 43793
Phone: 740.472.0761

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from early 1800’s
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
Count Recorder has land records[4]

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Online Genealogy Research Groups


  • 1800–1850 Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. Name index of tax records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. The majority of the tax records in this collection are for the years 1816 through 1838. Currently (September 2012) this collection is 17% complete. Additional records will be added as they are completed.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records
Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records
Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1840-2001 - Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1908-1953 - Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953. Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm




  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Monroe County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 3 January 2019.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County, Ohio. Page 544 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.