Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy

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United States
Monroe County

Guide to Monroe County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Monroe County, Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded June 29, 1815
County Seat Monroeville
Monroe County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Monroe County Courthouse Square
Monroeville, Al  36461
Phone: 251-743-2283 County Website

County Information

Monroe County, Alabama Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1881 1833 1908 1830 1833 1833

County Courthouse

Courthouse Fire destroyed all records prior to 1833
Probate Judge has marriage probate and land record from 1832
1816 Census of Monroe County published by Monroe Journal Monroeville, Alabama [2]


The County was named in honor of James Monroe, fifth President of the United States. The County has Monroeville as its seat and the County was created June 29, 1815. [3]The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[4]


Parent County

1815--Monroe County was created 29 June 1815 from Washington County and the Creek Cession of 1814.
County seat: Monroeville [5]

When created, Monroe County comprised all the Creek Indian lands ceded by the treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814. It was reduced in size by the creation of the Alabama counties of Montgomery County, Conecuh County, and Wilcox County. This particular county was named in honor of James Monroe (1758-1831), 5th U.S. President.

The Monroe County seat was established at Fort Clairborne; it was moved to Monroeville in 1832.

-See more at:

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

Monroe County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1833. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide  page 28 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:



Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



  • See obituary abstracts from the African-American newspaper, The Eagle, in the Newspaper section below.  Section below also contains community news, marriage and birth announcements.
  • Slaves and owners recorded in the Philadelphia Baptist Church Minutes, Tunnel Springs, Monroe Co, AL - 1840-1899.


Cemeteries of Monroe, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Monroe county cemeteries.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
For tips on accessing Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

State Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Monroe County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2009. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.125 E7b.

Local Histories

Early Settlers Along the Old Federal Road in Monroe Conecuh Counties This book includes Monroe county genealogy and history, and Conecuh county genealogy.

Local histories are available for Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.



Civil War

Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Monroe County.

- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company E "J. Powell's Dragoons"
- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company H "Sandy Williams' Guards"
- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company H
- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C
- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company B [formerly, Co. "M", Wirt Adams' Cavalry]
- 4th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry (Russell's), Company A [formerly 3rd TN Cavalry]
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D "Monroe Guards
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H
- 23rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 36th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F and G
- 42nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A and H
- 42nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H

Online Records


Finding More Alabama Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records


Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1816 - Inhabitants of Alabama in 1816. Broken Arrow Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1955. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Monroe County.
  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Monroe County is in District 1.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth Records
Marriage Records

Death Records

Societies and Libraries

Monroe County Heritage Museum
31 N. Alabama Ave.
Monroeville, AL

Monroe County Heritage Museums
P. O. Box 1637
Monroeville, AL
Publication: Quarterly Newsletter


Monroe County Public Library
121 Pineville Road
Monroeville, Alabama 36460
Telephone: 251-743-3818

Family History Center

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

    • 430 Goodway Road
      Goodway, Monroe, Alabama, United States
      Phone: 251-862-2937

Family History Center Locator

Monroe County Alabama Genealogy Websites

  • USGenWeb project may have maps, name indexes, history, or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.

Monroe County Alabama Genealogy References

  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 13-28. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Monroe County p. 39. ; .
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Monroe County, Alabama Genealogy and History", 6/13/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/013/2017.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 28. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at