Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Moniteau County

Guide to Moniteau County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Moniteau County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Moniteau County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded February 14, 1845
County Seat California
Address Moniteau County Courthouse
200 East Main Street
California, Mo 65018
Phone: 573-796-4661
Moniteau County Website

County Information

Moniteau County, Missouri Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1883 1845 1883 1850 1845 1845

County Courthouse

Recorder of deeds has marriage and land records from 1845; Probate Court has probate records from 1845. [2]


Parent County

1845 Moniteau County was created 14 February 1845 from Cole and Morgan Counties. County seat: California [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Boone  • Cole  • Cooper  • Miller  • Morgan

Moniteau CountyCole CountyOsage CountyMaries CountyPhelps CountyPulaski CountyCamden CountyBenton CountyHickory CountyMiller CountyMorgan CountyCooper CountySaline CountyPettis CountyCallaway CountyBoone CountyHoward CountyAudrain CountyMOMoniteau.JPG




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
MOGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MOGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information.



Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.


Assumption, Cedron

  • 1852 - 1876 Assumption Church, Cedron, Baptism Index 1852-1876. Batch C515001 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1884 - 1885 Assumption Church, Cedron, Marriage Index 1884-1885. Batch M515001 at FamilySearch - free.

St. Andrew's, Tipton

  • 1849 - 1876 St. Andrew's Church, Tipton, Baptism Index 1849-1876. Batch C511851 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1851 - 1876 St. Andrew's Church, Tipton, Marriage Index 1851-1876. Batch M511851 at FamilySearch - free.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • Herfurth, Charles. As I remember Sandy Hook : Moniteau County, Missouri. [Moniteau County, Mo.] : Moniteau County Historical Society, [19--].
  • Ford, James Everett. A history of Moniteau County, Missouri. California, Missouri?] : M.H. Crawford, 1936.
  • Moniteau County Historical Society (Mo.). Moniteau County, Missouri family history book : a history of Moniteau County and it's people. California, Mo : Moniteau County Historical Society, c1980-2000.




Civil War

Online Records


Service men in Moniteau County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Moniteau County, Missouri:

- 9th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D

- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 43rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.


Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries

List of Missouri Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies


Moniteau County Library
501 S. Oak Street
California, MO
Phone: 573-796-2642

Historical Society

Moniteau County Historical Society
201 N. High
California, MO 65018
Phone: (573) 796-3563

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Tipton Missouri Family History Center 30630 Highway 5 S Tipton, MO 65081 United States Location Map


Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Missouri Genealogy Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Major genealogy resource library, located in Indiana. On home page enter "Moniteau Missouri" and search catalog.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Moniteau County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Moniteau County, Missouri Genealogy
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search Moniteau County Message Board


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Moniteau County, Missouri. Page 403 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at