Missouri Archives and Libraries
|Missouri Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
These archives, libraries, societies, and museums preserve sources, maintain indexes, and provide services to help genealogists document their ancestors who lived in Missouri.
Wiki Articles on Major Repositories in Missouri
National Archives I, Washington DC · National Archives at Kansas City · National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) · Missouri Bureau of Vital Records · Missouri History Museum Library · Missouri State Archives · Missouri State Genealogical Association · State Historical Society of Missouri · Kansas City Public Library Missouri Valley Special Collections · Ozarks Genealogical Society Library · St. Louis County Library · St. Louis Mercantile Library · St. Louis Public Library · Springfield-Greene County Library Center · Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Library · Harrison County Historical Museum TX · Newberry Library, Chicago IL
NationalMid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center
3440 S. Lee's Summit Road
Independence, MO 64055-1923
- One of America's most complete genealogical centers including censuses and indexes, 80,000 family histories, 100,000 local histories, 565,000 microfilms, 7,000 maps, and newspapers. Surrounding states are well represented.</ref>  The Mid-Continent Public Library shares its genealogical materials through interlibrary loan.
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
- Nationwide censuses, pre-WWI military service and pensions, passenger lists, naturalizations, passports, federal bounty land, homesteads, bankruptcy, ethnic sources, prisons, and federal employees. The National Archives Building in Washington, DC (Archives I), houses textual and microfilm records relating to genealogy, American Indians, pre-World War II military and naval-maritime matters, the New Deal, the District of Columbia, the Federal courts, and Congress.
400 West Pershing Road
Kansas City, MO 64108
The National Archives at Kansas City, Missouri has the records of regional federal offices for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska, including the following:
- Federal naturalization records including A-files
- Bureau of Indian Affairs and other American Indian records
- Copies of federal census, military, federal land records, and immigration records
- Specialties include frontier and territorial history, and American Indians of the Northern Great Plains.
1 Archives Drive
St. Louis, MO 63138
Internet: National Personnel Records Center
- The National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). It is the central repository for both the military and civil services personnel-related records. It maintains military personnel records for servicemen and servicewomen discharged from 1912 to 1952* (*i.e. 62 years after discharge). Use Standard Form SF-180 to order files. Records prior to WWI are in Washington, D.C. 
- Central registry of Missouri births and deaths since 1910; marriages and divorces since 1948.
The State Historical Society of Missouri Digital
Research Centers: Cape Girardeau, Columbia, Kansas City, Rolla, St. Louis, and Springfield
They provide online access to journals, photographs, newspapers, and oral histories telling the story of Missouri’s history, people, and culture.
- They have an excellent collection about early Missouri settlers and immigrants through Illinois, 90,000 books, periodicals, St. Louis newspapers, fire insurance maps, city directories, St. Louis people, western fur trade, and Missouri history. The library has an online genealogy index. Copies of records can also be ordered online.
- A "user-friendly" facility with originalcounty records on microfilm. Website
- Note: Records kept at the state capitol were lost by fires in 1837 and 1911. Several counties in Missouri have also lost records due to fire, war, and other destruction.
- Sponsors events, conferences, Missouri First Families certificates, newsletters, a blog, MoSGA's Journal, researchers, speakers, research links, and annual awards. The MoSGA collection is part of the [[Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center] in Independence MO.
Surname Databases four databases with over 113,800 names.
University of Missouri Ellis Library
1020 Lowry Street
Columbia, Missouri, 65201-7298
- Good genealogy collection with historic Missouri manuscripts and reference books, collection of 460,000 books, 500,000 manuscripts, 150,000 archival records, 2,900 maps, databases, art, census, digital collections, newspapers, oral history, and photographs. This Society has research centers at Cape Gerardeau, Columbia, Kansas City, Rolla, St. Louis, and Springfield.
RegionalKansas City Public Library Missouri Valley Special Collections
14 W. 10th Street, 5th Floor
Kansas City, MO 64105
The Missouri Valley Room has a great genealogy collection for Missouri and Kansas with biographies, periodicals, genealogies, diaries, photos, scrapbooks, and newspapers of the Kansas City area.  Jackson County births 1883-1895, marriage indexes 1827-1937, deaths 1874-1909. They also hold papers, postcards, newspaper clippings, city directories, maps, school yearbooks, and ephemera from local individuals and organizations to document the history and development of the Kansas City area including some material from the Kansas City School District. They provide information on vital records research, adoption search resources, how-to-do obituary searching, African Americans, American Indians, the American Civil War, explorers, Mormons, and the Overland Trail. Librarians began collecting genealogical materials almost from the beginning of the Library, but in 1933, a donation of the vast personal genealogical library of lumber baron John Barber White greatly enhanced the collection. Resources continued to be added. Of note are the many now out-of-print nineteenth-century histories of counties in the Midwest, specific family histories, and many genealogical periodicals beginning in the late 1800s.
- Great genealogy collection for the Missouri Valley with biographies, periodicals, genealogies, diaries, photos, scrapbooks, and newspapers of KC area.
- OGS has substantial genealogy for southern Missouri, Missouri in general, other states, a large collection of genealogical periodicals, maps, family histories, and over one dozen special collections compiled by area researchers. Special Collections records focus on family histories with an emphasis in the southwest Missouri geographical area.
- The St. Louis County Library genealogical collection has 85,000 print items, 9,500 family histories, 850 periodical titles, 40,000 microfilm rolls, and many electronic databases. Their emphasis is on St. Louis, Missouri, and states and foreign countries that fed migration into Missouri, including New England states, the 13 colonies, and many foreign countries. Military history, African American, and other ethnic sources are well represented. Record types include online databases, federal censuses, births, marriages, deaths, cemeteries, church records, military records, naturalizations, newspapers, wills, African American records, and yearbooks.
- Significant miscellaneous items include 850 microfilms from parish registers of the Swiss Canton of Bern, over 100 Jewish Yizkor books, and sources for Maine, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New England, and some rare English, Welsh, and Scottish genealogies.
- Their collection includes holdings from the National Genealogical Society, St. Louis Genealogical Society, African American Research Collection, Jewish Genealogical Society, parish records from the Archdiocese of St. Louis, and the Archdiocese of Belleville, Illinois.
University of Missouri - St. Louis
Thomas Jefferson Library Building
One University Blvd.
St. Louis, Missouri 63121-4400
Telephone: 314-516-7240 or 314-516-7247
- The University of Missouri St. Louis Mercantile Library has collections that concentrate on Westward Expansion, American rail and river transportation history as well as the history, development, and growth of the St. Louis region, and broadly developed subjects related to the humanities, with a core collection numbering over 250,000 books. The special collections of the library consist of over 400 individual collections with archival materials numbering in the millions, including over 100 historic newspaper titles, presidential letters, early travel diaries and civil war era letters, fur trade records and the newspaper and printing morgue of the St. Louis Globe Democrat. The Herman T. Pott National Inland Waterways Library focuses on United States river and inland waterways history. It has 2,500 books and a large pictorial/photographic collection. The John W. Barriger III National Railroad Library is one of the largest (45,000 volumes) and finest railroad history collections focused on railway economics, finance, corporate history, management practice, regulatory history, mergers, labor relations, operations, and engineering.
- A premier library for Missouri research.
1301 Olive Street
St. Louis, MO 63103
- They have an on-line Obituary Index for the years 1880–1927; 1942–1945; 1992–2006, family histories, passenger lists, Heritage Quest, and Gateway Family Historian publication.
- The Springfield-Greene County Library Center collection for southern Missouri includes censuses 1830-1930, access to subscription databases like Ancestry, HeritageQuest, and Fold3, church histories, directories 1878-2006, online deaths 1910-1964, online deeds 1833-1877, online Greene county histories, births, marriages, probate, local newspapers 1881-2006, maps, fire insurance maps, plat books, 53 active and 40 inactive genealogical periodicals, high school and college yearbooks, photos of landmarks, and cemetery transcripts. In addition, they have material on the effects of the Civil War on Greene County. The Lena Wills professional genealogist and columnist collection is found here. The Native American collection includes tribes of Missouri, the Dawes Rolls, the Guion Miller Rolls, and other Cherokee sources.
6424 West Farm Road 182
Republic, MO 65738
- All of the Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Library's 10,000 volumes are non-circulating, but are available for use on-site. The collection focuses on the American Civil War period, especially on the Trans-Mississippi Theater. The library has many regimental histories and adjutant general reports mostly for the Union side.
- This library can help genealogists find ancestors who served in the American Civil War, and learn more about that war in Missouri. They have access to the National Park Service's 6.3 million name database online called the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. They also have microfilm copies of the Compiled Service Records for all Union and Confederate soldiers from Missouri, and those from other states who fought at Wilson's Creek.
Outside MissouriHarrison County Historical Museum
Old Harrison County Courthouse
117 East Bowie (P.O. Box 1987)
Marshall, Texas 75671
- A key repository for locating selected early Missouri and Texas settlers. This was a center for Missouri Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. It has a great collection of family folders, books, letters, diaries, journals, and surname lists.</ref> 
Miami, Oklahoma also has significant association with southern Missiouri heritage and genealogy.</ref>Newberry Library
60 West Waltron Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610
- Over 17,000 printed genealogies. Their collection is strong for colonial America, especially New England, including local histories from all over the United States, Canada, and Britain. Outstanding county history collection for the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic states. The Civil War collection is one of the best in America.
- Midwest Genealogy Center in Mid-Continent Public Library (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Information for Researchers at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC in National Archives (accessed 31 December 2013).
- William Dollarhide and Ronald A. Bremer. America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1998), 67. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Ref Book 973 J54d.
- Dollarhide and Bremer, 134.
- National Archives at St. Louis in National Archives (accessed 18 March 2014).
- Birth, Death, Marriage and Divorce Information in Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (accessed 3 March 2016).
- Library in Missouri History Museum (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Research Room in Missouri Secretary of State (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Home in Missouri State Genealogical Association (accessed 1 March 2016).
- Library Program in Missouri State Genealogical Association (accessed 13 March 2014).
- Collections and Research in State Historical Society of Missouri (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Special Collections in Kansas City Public Library (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Research in Ozarks Genealogical Society (accessed 15 March 2014).
- Genealogy and local history in St. Louis County Library (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Dollarhide and Bremer, 67.
- Genealogists in St. Louis Public Library (accessed 3 February 2016).
- Our Collection in Harrison County Museum (accessed 7 March 2014).
- Dollarhide and Bremer, 39.