Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Missouri, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Freedmen and Refugee Records|
|Record Group||RG 105: Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands|
|Microfilm Publication||M1908. Records of the Field Offices for the State of Missouri, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. 24 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||434|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What Is In This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records
- 7 Citing This Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What Is In This Collection?
This collection consists of scanned images of records from National Archives microfilm publication M1908 Records of the Field Offices for the State of Missouri, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands which is part of Record Group 105 Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands. The images are generally arranged in the order the records were microfilmed with the records of state level staff officers; Office of the Disbursing Officer and by NARA roll number. The following link will provide a description of the record types found in this and other Freedmen's Bureau collections. Freedmen's Bureau Record Types
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Records Field Office Records, 1865-1872.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1908, Records of the Field Offices for the State of Missouri, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.
For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Records with Freedmen and Refugees Names
- Roll 24, Register of Marriages at Cape Girardeau, July - August,1865
- Roll 24, Registers of Adjusted Claims, 4 volumes, ca. 1868-1870
- Roll 24, Register of Bounty Claims, September, 1867-October,1871
- Roll 24, Missouri Commission, to award claims for military service
How Do I Search the Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor.
- Their place of residence.
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location
- Select the NARA Roll Number-Contents which takes you to the images.
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
- Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of Missouri, United States Genealogy.
- Search in the Missouri Archives and Libraries.
- Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog
General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.
The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.
The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
- "Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1908. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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