Mesa County, Colorado Genealogy

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United States
Mesa County

Guide to Mesa County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Grand Junction
Organized: February 14, 1883
Parent County(s): Gunnison [1]
Neighboring Counties
Delta  • Garfield  • Grand (UT)  • Montrose  • Pitkin  • San Juan (UT)
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado Mesa County.png

County Information


The County was named for the large mesas in the area, including Grand Mesa, the most extensive mesa on Earth. The County has Grand Junction as its seat [2] and the County was created February 14, 1883. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse

Mesa County Courthouse
125 North Spruce
PO Box 20,000-5030
Grand Junction, CO 81502
Phone: 970-257-3640
Mesa County Website

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1883

County Health Department has birth, death and burial records; 1885 census taken[4]

510 29 1/2 Road,

Grand Junction, Colorado 81504

Early birth and death records are stored in the courthouse.[5]

Mesa County, Colorado Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[6]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1883 1893 1883 1883 1883 1860
Statewide registration for births in 1910 and deaths in 1910. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Mesa County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[9] See links listed below.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 4,260
1900 9,267 117.5%
1910 22,197 139.5%
1920 22,281 0.4%
1930 25,908 16.3%
1940 33,791 30.4%
1950 38,794 14.8%
1960 50,715 30.7%
1970 54,734 7.9%
1980 81,530 49.0%
1990 93,145 14.2%
2000 116,255 24.8%
2010 146,723 26.2%
Source: "".

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[10] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records
Presbyterian Church

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Fruita
  • Grand Junction

Court Records

An Index of many Court related cases (marriage, divorce, judgements, liens, etc.) are accessible on the Mesa County, Colorado home page. Through their Online Services: Record --Recorded Documents page. This is not by all means an inclusive list and Mesa County reminds users, "The Mesa County Recorder Office presents the information on this web site as a service to the public. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this information, no person or entity, including Mesa County, the Clerk or her staff, shall have any responsibility for any inaccuracies or omissions in the data at this site or at other sites to which we link. Use of this site is an acknowledgement of this disclaimer. The official records of the County are located in the Office."

Non-county residents do not have access to all the functions of the website.

There is also a direct link to the search page .

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.


Online Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Mesa County Clerk and Recorder: Website

Contact Information

200 S. Spruce Street

Grand Junction, CO 81501

  • (970) 244-1800


  • 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
  • Monday - Friday
  • (Except holidaysLand and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Garfield CountyGrand CountyMontrose CountyPitkin CountyDelta CountyGunnison CountyCO MESA.JPG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Records


For more information, see Colorado Newspapers.

Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspapers


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Colorado State Archives has put the Mesa County Inheritance Tax Records Index for the years 1920-1934 on-line.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records Search


Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [11]


Online Records


Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [11]


Online Records

Research Facilities


The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Mesa County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths
1883-1910 Mesa County Probate
1885-1887 Mesa County Persons Subject to Military
1887 Mesa County Persons Exempt from Military
1913-1917 Mesa County Motor Vehicle Licenses
1920-1934 Mesa County Inheritance Tax
1934-1942 Mesa County CCC Enrollments
1950-1970 Mesa County Divorce Cases

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Mesa County Public Library District
530 Grand Ave
Grand Junction, CO 81502
Telehone: 970-243-4783



Mesa County Genealogical Society
PO Box 1506
Grand Junction, Colorado 81502-1506


Mesa County Historical Society
PO Box 841
Grand Junction, CO 81502
Telephone: 970-260-5226


Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Mesa, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Colorado 7/03/2017.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Mesa, Colorado Genealogy and History", 7/03/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mesa County, Colorado. Page 100 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 93.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mesa County, Colorado. Page 100 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 93.
  7. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Mesa County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 16 May 2017.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  10. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.