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Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Mercer County, New Jersey ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


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Mercer County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Mercer County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Facts
Founded
, 1838
County Seat Trenton
Courthouse
Address Trenton County Courthouse
PO Box 8068
Trenton, NJ 08650-0068
Phone: (609) 989-6517
Mercer County Website


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Mercer County is in the west central region of the state. It was created in 1838. Trenton is the county seat. The county was named for Continental Army General Hugh Mercer. [1]

Mercer County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1901 1901 1838 1838 1838 1830
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1840. General compliance by 1920.

Mercer County, New Jersey Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1838, formed from parts of Hunterdon and Middlesex counties and part of Montgomery twp. from Somerset County. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1839, more parts from Hunterdon County added.
  • 1844, Hopewell twp. returned to Hunterdon County and then returned in 1845.

For animated maps illustrating New Jersey county boundary changes, visit "Rotating Formation New Jersey County Boundary Maps" (1683-1928) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NJGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NJGenWeb Archives
NJTombstone Project
NJInterment
EPodunk
Billion Graves
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Smith, Anna Amelia Bustill.Reminiscences of Colored people of Princeton, N.J., 1800-1900. -[Philadelphia : P. V. Baugh, c 1913] - 15 p. F144.P9 M6

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.


Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.


Maps[edit | edit source]

Hunterdon CountySomerset CountyMonmouth CountyBurlington CountyBucks CountyMiddlesex CountyNJ MERCER.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources



Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy for settlers included:[4]

Military[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Occupations[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouse, Almshouse[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page New Jersey Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in:

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from:

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Phone: (609) 292-4978
Fax: (609) 777-0094

Online Probate Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]
Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Mercer County Courthouse
 PO Box 8068;
Trenton, NJ 08650-0068
Phone: (609) 989-6517 

County Surrogate has probate records. County Clerk has court and land records from 1838, judgments, tax maps, and corporation records.[5]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Mercer County Cultural and Heritage Commission
640 S. Broad St.
Trenton, NJ 08650
Telephone: 609-989-6701

Central Jersey Genealogical Club
PO Box 9903
Hamilton, NJ 08650-1903

Hamilton Township Historical Society
2200 Kuser Road
Trenton, NJ 08650
Telephone: 609-585-1686

Hightstown-East Windsor Historical Society
164 North Main Street
Hightstown, NJ, 08520
Telephone: 609-371-9580

Historical Society of Princeton
158 Nassau St.
Princeton, NJ 08542-7006
Telephone: 609-921-6748
Website

Hopewell Valley Historical Society
PO Box 371
Pennington, NJ 08534
Telephone: 609-737-7751


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Wikipedia has more about this subject: Mercer County,  New Jersey

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.


Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

1606-1981 - New Jersey, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $

Mercer County, New Jersey Websites[edit | edit source]

Mercer County, New Jersey Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Mercer County

Mercer County, New Jersey Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Mercer County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercer_County,_New_Jersey accessed 29 August 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mercer County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 464. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook, 847-61.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mercer County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.