Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Maryland, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service records
Record Group RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M384. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland, 1861-1865. 238 rolls.
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Maryland. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M384. Index courtesy of Fold 3 (previously Footnote.com). The Collection covers the years 1861 to 1865. Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records. The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.

What Can these Records Tell Me?

The index to these records may include the following:

  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year(s) of service
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Rank and military unit in which served
  • Physical description
  • Occupation
  • Town, county and state of residence
  • Birthplace
  • Enlistment date and place of enlistment
  • When mustered in and when mustered out
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier including his name, rank, and unit
  • A card(s)with abstracts from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • Papers relating only to that particular soldier

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the individual
  • The age or other identifying information

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.

  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date and find a birth record.
  • Use the information to find other church and vital records such as baptism, marriage, and death records. Also search for immigration, military, land and probate records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members in censuses.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record. Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relatives that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Try variant spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Maryland, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog


Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. From "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Maryland." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2010. Citing NARA microfilm publication M384. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1963.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.


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