Martinique, France Genealogy

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Guide to Martinique ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information

Martinique is an overseas island territory of France in the Caribbean. Its nearest neighbors are Saint Lucia, Barbados, and Dominica. The official language is French.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with Martinique Research

Links to articles on getting started with Martinique research.

Martinique Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Martinique research.

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Martinique, France Map

Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Martinique. Arrondissements:

Martinique legende arrs.PNG
Les Anses d'Arlet, Martinique


Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Martinique. Martinique is divided into four arrondissements:

  • Fort-de-France
  • La Trinité
  • Le Marin
  • Saint-Pierre

Online Church Records and Civil Registration

The vast majority of your research will be in church records and civil registration. Fortunately, these records are available online from the archives of each department.

Finding Church Records and Civil Registration Online

Each Department of France has archives that provide digitized images of these records.
Here is the website for the Department Archives of Martinique where you will find these records.
National Overseas Archives, Martinique

Writing for Records

Online records tend to cover only the time before 100 years, due to privacy laws. You can write to civil registration offices and local churches who might honor requests for more recent records of close family members for the purpose of genealogy.

For a civil registration office, address your request to:

Monsieur l'officier de l'état-civil
Mairie de (Town)
(Postal code) (Town)

For a parish church:

Monsieur le Curé
(Church --see The Catholic Directory for church name and address)
(Town) (Postal Code) France

For other addresses and for help writing your request in French, use French Letter Writing Guide.

Learning to Read Enough French to Do Genealogy

It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in French to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them. By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately. Here are some resources for learning to read French records.

There is a three-lesson course in reading handwriting in old French records:

These lessons focus on reading church record and civil registration records:

Another resource is the French Records Extraction Manual, Full Manual. Much more is covered, but these first four lessons are especially useful.

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Martinique," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 27 April 2016.