Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy

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United States
Marshall County

Guide to Marshall County, Kentucky ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Benton
Organized: February 12, 1842
Parent County(s): Calloway [1]
Neighboring Counties
Calloway  • Graves  • Livingston  • Lyon  • McCracken  • Trigg
See County Maps
Marshall County Courthouse, Benton, KY
Location Map
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County Information


The County was named for John Marshall. The County has Benton as its seat and the County was created 1842. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Marshall County Courthouse
1101 Main Street
Benton, KY 42025-1498
Phone: 270-527-4740[3]
Marshall County Website

Marshall County, Kentucky Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1852 1848 1852 1848 1848 1848 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss

1888, 1914--Disasters destroyed most records.

Boundary Changes

  • 1842--Marshall County was created in 1842 from Calloway County.
  • County seat: Benton[5]

For animated maps illustrating Kentucky county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Kentucky County Boundary Maps" (1776-1939) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Elva
  • Fairdealing
  • Glade
  • Haddox Ferry
  • Harris Hill Ford
  • Harvey
  • Iola
  • Joppa
  • Little Bear Creek
  • Little Cypress
  • Marshall
  • Oak Level
  • Olive
  • Palma
  • Possum Trot
  • Scale
  • Sharpe
  • Sherwood Shores
  • South Marshall
  • Tatumsville
  • The Moors
  • Unity
  • Walnut Grove
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline


Bible Records


  • KY Biographies, Jeff Murphy's Kentucky Biographies Project
  • All of the family biographies from the 1885 History of Marshall County, Kentucky by Battle, Perrin, and Kniffin are available free online on My Genealogy Hound

Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Marshall, Kentucky online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kentucky Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites have additional information on Marshall county cemeteries.

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 5,269
1860 6,982 32.5%
1870 9,455 35.4%
1880 9,647 2.0%
1890 11,287 17.0%
1900 13,692 21.3%
1910 15,771 15.2%
1920 15,215 −3.5%
1930 12,889 −15.3%
1940 16,602 28.8%
1950 13,387 −19.4%
1960 16,736 25.0%
1970 20,381 21.8%
1980 25,637 25.8%
1990 27,205 6.1%
2000 30,125 10.7%
2010 31,448 4.4%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy census records online, see: Kentucky Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Kentucky denominations, view the Kentucky Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

More information about African American resources in Kentucky can be found on the Kentucky African Americans and the United States African Americans Wiki pages.

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kentucky Land and Property for additional information about early Kentucky land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Kentucky Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

IllinoisLivingston CountyLyon CountyTrigg CountyCalloway CountyGraves CountyMcCracken CountyKY MARSHALL.PNG
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for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

World War I

Korean War

Naturalization and Citizenship


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Marshall County, Kentucky Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Kentucky, Probate Records, 1792-1977 for Caldwell, Henry, Hickman, Russell and Trimble counties. See the wiki page Kentucky Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more background information and state-wide resources see the wiki page Kentucky Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Kentucky enacted a statute in 1852-1862 requiring registration of births and deaths,many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1874-1879, and 1892-1910 but, again, was not always followed. By 1911, the law was more clearly defined and kept by 1920. Any existing births 1852-1960 and death records 1852-1953 can be accessed online. See How to Find Kentucky Birth Records and How to Find Kentucky Death Records for links to indexes and images.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Marshall County Clerk, with divorce records 1849-1958 located with the Marshall County Circuit Court. For more information see How to Find Kentucky Marriage Records. For Kentucky divorce records see the wiki page Kentucky Vital Records.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




  • Marshall County Genealogical and Historical Society
    PO Box 373
    1100 Main Street
    Benton, KY 42025-1450
    Telephone: 270-527-4749
The society has the original marriage records and court files. Located in the basement of the courthouse.


Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Kentucky. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County, Kentucky" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Kentucky."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marshall County, Kentucky page 273, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marshall County, Kentucky. Page 268-276 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 251-254.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Kentucky. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County, Kentucky," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Kentucky, accessed 30 August 2018.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at

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