Marshall County, Illinois Genealogy

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Guide to Marshall County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Marshall County, Illinois
Boundary map of Marshall County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: January 19, 1839
County Seat Lacon
Marshall County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Marshall County Courthouse
122 N. Prairie
Lacon, Illinois 61540
(309) 246-6325
Marshall County Website

Marshall County Organization[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1878 1839 1877 1840 1839 1830 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916. General compliance by 1922.

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Marshall County are kept, see the Marshall County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

John Marshall

The county was named for John Marshall, a soldier of the Revolution, Statesman, author and jurist, Ambassador to France, Representative in Congress from Virginia, Secretary of State and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1839--Marshall County was created 19 January 1839 from Putnam County.  County seat:  Lacon [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, who died in 1835. The county seat is Lacon and the county was organized on January 19, 1839. The County is located in the central part of the state.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the website.

1825-1839 Putnam
1827-1827 Peoria
1823-1825 Fulton
1821-1823 Sangamon
1817-1821 Bond
1812-1821 Madison
1801-1812 St. Clair
1795-1901 Knox, Northwest Territory

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Records and Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Marshcall County Biography Bibliography  (WorldCat)

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Marshall, Illinois online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Illinois Cemeteries for more information

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,849
1850 5,180 180.2%
1860 13,437 159.4%
1870 16,956 26.2%
1880 15,055 −11.2%
1890 13,653 −9.3%
1900 16,370 19.9%
1910 15,679 −4.2%
1920 14,760 −5.9%
1930 13,023 −11.8%
1940 13,179 1.2%
1950 13,025 −1.2%
1960 13,334 2.4%
1970 13,302 −0.2%
1980 14,479 8.8%
1990 12,846 −11.3%
2000 13,180 2.6%
2010 12,640 −4.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

Ethnic Research[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

Bureau CountyPutnam CountyLaSalle CountyWoodford CountyPeoria CountyStark CountyIL MARSHALL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military Records[edit | edit source]

For information about using Military records see Illinois Military Records

Veteran's Honor Roll    ( Illinois Ancestors ) This site list the names alphabetically of the individual, war, rank, branch, unit, death date, and cemetery

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Military Land Grants in Marshall County Illinois for Soldiers of the War of 1812 - USGenWeb

Blackhawk War[edit | edit source]

Captain Robert Barnes' Company - USGenWeb

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Marshall County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Marshall County.


- Springfield Light Battery


- 11th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 months), Company B
- 11th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 years) Company B, and Company I
- 17th Regiment, Illinois Infantry  Company B
- 18th (Reorganized) Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K
- 44th_Regiment,_Illinois_Infantry, Company C
- 47th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D, and Company G
- 47th (Consolidated) Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I
- 53rd_Regiment,_Illinois_Infantry, Company H.
- 65th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (2nd Scotch Regiment Cameron's Highlanders), Company C.
- 77th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 86th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B, and  Company E.
- 138th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K

  • 1861-1862 Militia Rolls IRAD-ISU

World War I[edit | edit source]

World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 Ancestry

World War II[edit | edit source]

Army Casualties   U.S National Archives and Records Administration

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Original naturalization records are held in the office of the County Clerk. See Illinois Naturalization Records for more information about using naturalization records.

Online Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

Repositories[edit | edit source]

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Illinois State University houses the records for Marshall County.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Marshall County are kept, see the Marshall County Courthouse page.

Family History Center[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah (United States) and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources to assist you in the research and study of your genealogy. Currently there are no Family History Centers located directly in Marshall County.

You may search your address for a center near you on the FamilySearch site. The following centers are located in surrounding counties. Their wiki pages may supply hours and other information.

Find a family history center

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)[edit | edit source]

Illinois State University (ISU)
2016 Warehouse Road Campus
Box 1520
Normal, Illinois 61802
Phone: 1-309-452-6027

Illinois Regional Archives Depository System - Local Governmental Records Listings Arranged by County

Public Libraries[edit | edit source]

Public Libraries in Marshall County

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • City of Henry Historical & Genealogical Society
    610 North St
    Henry IL 61537-1226
    Connie Swanson, President
    Phone 309-364-3272

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois. See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online or Vitalchek

Birth[edit | edit source]

  • 1878-Present - The original Marshall County birth records are at the County office. The following records are available:
  • 1878-1914 Birth Certificates - IRAD-ISU

Marriage[edit | edit source]

  • 1839-Present - the original Marshall County marriage records are at the County office. The following records are available:
  • 1839-1921 Marriage Licenses - IRAD-ISU

Death[edit | edit source]

  • 1877-Present - The original Marshall County death records are at the County office. The following records are available:
  • 1877-1914 Death Certificates - IRAD-ISU
  • 1877-1914 Death Certificates, Stillbirth -IRAD-ISU
  • 1874-1888 Coroner's Inquest Record - IRAD-ISU

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
  • Saratoga Center
  • Wilbern

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Databases Pertinent to Marshall County
Local Governmental Records Database
Name Index to Illinois Local Governments
Illinois Statewide Marriage Index
Illinois Statewide Death Index, 1916–1950
Illinois Public Domain Land Tract Sales Database
Federal Township Plats of Illinois

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marshall County, Illinois. Page 192-199 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 196. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois 04/17/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Marshall County, Illinois," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois#Communities, accessed 22 March 2020.