Marion County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Marion County, Tennessee ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to Marion County (established 1817) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.

Marion County, Tennessee
Boundary map of Marion County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Marion County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Location of Tennessee in the U.S.
Founded: November 20, 1817
County Seat Jasper
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Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named Francis Marion. The County is located in the southeast central area of the state. [1]

Marion County, Tennessee Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1908 1881 1908 1842 1819 1874 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1914. General compliance by 1927.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]



Marion County Courthouse, Jasper, Tenn. Courtesy: Collection: County Court Houses, Flickr by Jimmy Emerson. Used by permission.


1 Courthouse Square
Jasper, TN 37347
Phone: 1-423-942-2515

County Clerk has marriage records from 1919 and probate records from 1874.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]

Marion County Clerk
Marriage and probate records
24 Courthouse Square, Room 101
Jasper, TN 37347
Phone: 1-423-942-2515

Marion County Register of Deeds
Land records
P.O. Box 789, Courthouse
Jasper, TN 37347
Phone: 1-423-942-2573

Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-4 p.m.

History[edit | edit source]

"The Swamp Fox" Brig. Gen. Francis Marion (c1732-1795)

Marion County is located in south-eastern Tennessee, and encompasses about five hundred square miles. It was established in 1817. The county borders both George and Alabama.

The county is named after "The Swamp Fox" Revolutionary War Brigadier General Francis Marion (c1732-1795).[4]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1817--Marion County was created 20 November 1817 from Cherokee Indian Lands.
County seat: Jasper [5]

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

  1. Hear it spoken[6] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[7] (male)

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]


1922 Courthouse was destroyed by fire in August 1922; only records from the registrar's office and the county court clerk's office were saved.[8]

  • Lost marriage records: 1817 to 1880
  • Lost probate records: 1817 to 1875

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[9]

Unincorporated communities

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Marion County biography, census, court, family Bible, family history, land, military and tax records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

United States African Americans
Tennessee African Americans

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
TNGenWeb WorldCat BillionGraves
TNGenWeb Archives Linkpendium
Tombstone Project Gravestones
TNGenWeb Cemeteries Interment
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.

Additional Cemetery Resources

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 3,888
1830 5,508 41.7%
1840 6,070 10.2%
1850 6,314 4.0%
1860 6,190 −2.0%
1870 6,841 10.5%
1880 10,910 59.5%
1890 15,411 41.3%
1900 17,281 12.1%
1910 18,820 8.9%
1920 17,402 −7.5%
1930 17,549 0.8%
1940 19,140 9.1%
1950 20,520 7.2%
1960 21,036 2.5%
1970 20,577 −2.2%
1980 24,416 18.7%
1990 24,860 1.8%
2000 27,776 11.7%
2010 28,237 1.7%
Source: "".

1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Marion County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Marion County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®

For a map of Marion County census districts see Marion County Census Districts.

1810 - 1891

1820 - Lost[10]

1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for the Eastern and Western Districts of Tennessee are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 1024517-1024518.

The following book is a useful aid for finding the original records. A free online index, provided by Lineages, will help researchers determine if this resource can be of assistance:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL US/CAN Book 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. Covers this county.



1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners



  • Goins, Sara Agee and Norma Jean Dennis Hobbs. 1860 Census, Marion County, Tennessee. Dunlap, Tenn.: Goins and Hobbs Genealogy Service, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 976.879 X2g 1860.


  • Goins, Sara Agee and Norma Jean Dennis Hobbs. 1870 Census, Marion County, Tennessee. Dunlap, Tenn.: Goins and Hobbs Genealogy Service, 1986. FHL US/CAN Book 976.879 X2g 1870.


1891 Male Voters


Church[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

The first court of Marion County was held in the house of John Shropshire in what is now Whitwell in 1817. After the Shropshire house, the court was held for one year in the old Cheek house, a two-story double log house located south of Whitwell in a place called Cheekville, later named Liberty, where court had been held while this county was still in North Carolina. In 1819 the county seat was moved to the town of Jasper.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

As of August 2010, a query for Search persons born in Marion (County), Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 30,000 entries.

  • Douthat, James L. Sequatchie Families: Biographical Sketches of the Earlier Settlers of the Sequeatchie Valley of Tennessee. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: J.L. Douthat, 1983. FHL US/CAN Book 976.87 D3d.
  • Harris, Euline. Ancestor Charts: Marion County, Tennessee. 2 vols. Whitwell, Tenn.: E. Harris, 1993. FHL US/CAN Book 976.879 D2h ff.
  • Stewart - Blakemore, Mary Stewart. A Narrative Genealogy of the Stewarts of Sequatchie Valley, Tennessee, and Allied Families. Richmond, Va.: Dietz Press, 1960. FHL Book 929.273 St49b; digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($).

Land[edit | edit source]

Sequatchie Valley

Marion County's original Deed Books are kept at the County Courthouse. In 1969, TSLA microfilmed Deed Books A to WW (1819-1915). FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 593422-593443.

Law and Legislation[edit | edit source]

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service. The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at the TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Raulston, J. Leonard and James Weston Livingood. Sequatchie: A Story of the Southern Cumberlands. Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 1974. FHL US/CAN Book 976.87 H2r.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Grundy CountySequatchie CountyHamilton CountyFranklin CountyJackson CountyDade CountyWalker CountyTN MARION.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

The following Marion County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812[edit | edit source]
  • Embry, Hermione D. "War of 1812 - Tennessee Pensioners on List - January 2, 1883," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan. 1961):20-23. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a v. 8 (1961); digital version at journal website. Includes Marion County pensioners (pp. 21-22).
  • War of 1812 Veterans, Natchez Trace Traveler, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Nov. 1988).
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Regiments. Civil War service men from Marion County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Marion County.

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Marion County:

Civil War Battle[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battle was fought in Marion County:

Map showing Civil War battles in Tennessee.

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Miller, Alan N. East Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1778 to 1911. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2000. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2m. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). Purchase at Includes Marion County.
  • Tennesse Bureau of Agriculture, Statistics and Mines. Coal Mines and Mining--Tennessee. Nashville, Tennessee: A.B. Travel, 1883. Free digital copy.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Marion County, Tennessee Genealogy records have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL Book 976.8 B2a.

East Tennessee Roots
Several genealogical articles with abstracts of Marion County, Tennessee Genealogy records have been published in East Tennessee Roots (10 vols.). A subject index to these articles is available online. Surname indexes to Volumes 9 and 10 are also available online. The Family History Library has collected most issues of East Tennessee Roots FHL Book 976.8 D25e.

The Searcher
The Family History Library has Volume 2, no 3 (Dec 1990) - volume 15, no. 4 (winter 2003). FHL US/CAN 976.879 D25s This serial ceased publication on 15 February 2004. For further information see website: Marion County Genealogical Group. Indexed in PERiodical Source Index (PERSI)

Prisons[edit | edit source]

Learn if your Marion County, Tennessee Genealogy ancestors went to prison!

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Marion County's original will books are kept at the County Courthouse. Wills proved before 1875 do not survive. In 1969, TSLA microfilmed extant wills covering the years 1875 to 1968. FHL copy: FHL Film 593420.

Online Records

FamilySearch has placed scans of the following records online in the Tennessee, Probate Court Books, 1795-1927 collection. These are browse-only collections. Handwritten indexes may be found at the front or back of some volumes:

  • Wills, 1875-1968 (Vols. 1-4)
  • Bonds, Letters, 1912-1969 (5 vols.)
  • Court records, 1842-1847, 1890-1900 (3 vols.)
  • Insolvent estate records, 1885-1907
  • Inventories, 1878-1968 (Vols. 1-2)
  • Minutes, 1842-1847
  • Settlements, 1877-1936 (3 vols.)

Taxation[edit | edit source]

The original Marion County Tax Books, Assessment Roll, 1875, and Tax Duplicate 1903-1904 are kept at the County Courthouse. In 1969, TSLA microfilmed these records. FHL copy: FHL US/CAN Film 593446.

The following Marion County tax records have been abstracted:

  • 1836 - Harris, Euline. 1836 Tax List for Marion County, Tennessee. Whitwell, Tenn.: E. Harris, n.d. FHL US/CAN Book 976.879 R4h.
  • 1836 - Douthat, James L. Marion County, Tennessee, 1836 Tennessee Civil District and Tax Lists. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 1993. FHL US/CAN Book 976.879 R4d; online: free surname index and purchase details.
  • 1836 - "Taxpayers, by District, 1836," Southern Roots & Shoots, Vol. 12, No. 3 (1996).
  • 1836 - Harris, Euline. "1836 Marion County Tax List," available online, courtesy: RootsWeb. Source: TSLA microfilm; links to online 1836 Civil District Map.
  • 1853 - "Revenue Docket, Claims, Licenses, 1853," Searcher, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Winter 1995).
  • 1854 - "District One Tax List, 1854," Searcher, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Spring 2001).
  • 1856 - 1859 - "Revenue and Execution Docket, 1856-59," Searcher, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 1999).
  • 1891 "Poll Tax, 1891," Searcher, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Summer 1995); Vol. 7, No. 2 (Fall 1995).

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Tennessee Vital Records or order electronically online.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Note that no birth records were recorded in Marion County in 1913.

Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]

In 1940 and 1941, W.P.A. workers pinpointed the location of Marion County divorce papers in diverse County Courthouse records; see the following resources:

  • W.P.A. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey, 1941. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A3gp.
Death[edit | edit source]

Note that no death records were recorded in Marion County in 1913.

For deaths of Methodists in Marion County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try searching the following records:

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

See also a List of Tennessee Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

South Pittsburg Historic Preservation Society
P.O. Box 175
South Pittsburg, Tennessee 37380
Phone: 1-423-837-8327

East Tennessee Historical Society
601 S. Gay St.
P.O. Box 1629
Knoxville, Tennessee 37901-1629
Phone: 1-865-215-8824

Marion County Genealogical and Historical Group
6611 Old Dunlap Rd.
Whitwell, TN 37397
Phone: 1-423-658-5770

Jasper Public Library
14 West Second St.
Jasper, TN 37347
Phone: 1-423-942-3369
Fax: 1-423-942-6383
Hours: Mon. 8:30 a.m.-8:30 p.m.
Tues., Wed., Fri. 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m.
Sat. 8:30 a.m.-2 p.m.

Beene-Pearson Public Library
208 Elm Ave.
South Pittsburg, TN 37380
Phone: 1-423-837-6513

Orena Humphreys Public Library
900 Main Street, Suite 1
Whitwell, TN 37397
Phone: 1-423-658-6134

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Marion, Tennessee" in,_Tennessee accessed 27 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marion County, Tennessee. Page 638-645 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 637-640.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marion County, Tennessee page 641, At various libr40ries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. "Francis Marion," Wikipedia.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 642. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  6. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  7. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).
  8. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 13 March 2016).
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Marion County, Tennessee," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Tennessee, accessed 2 December 2019.
  10. Mary Barnett Curtis, Early East Tennessee Tax Lists: a compiled list of residents of the area covered in 22 east Tennessee counties for which there is (sic) no census records prior to 1830 (Fort Worth, Texas: Arrow Printing, 1964). FHL 976.8 R4c
  11. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State.
  12. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at