Madison County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
North Carolina
Madison County

Guide to Madison County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Madison County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1851
County Seat Marshall
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County Information


Madison County is located in the Southwestern portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Tennessee. It was named for President James Madison[1].

Madison County Courthouse, Marshall, N.C.

Madison County, North Carolina Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1851 1913 1851 1851 1851 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Madison County Courthouse
P O Box 66 
Marshall, NC 28753

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death burial and land records
Clerk Superopr Court has divorce, probate and court records from 1851[3]

Register of Deeds
PO Box 66
Marshall, NC 28753
Telephone: 828-649-3131
Fax: 828-649-0615

Clerk of Superior Court
PO Box 217
Marshall, NC 28753
Telephone: (828) 649-2200


Parent County

1851--Madison County was created 27 January 1851 from Buncombe and Yancey Counties.
County seat: Marshall [4]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American

  • Freedman Bank Records, 1865-1874 - search this freely available database for bank records of African-American individuals. This database includes records from all 29 branches of the bank. North Carolina bank locations included Wilmington, Raleigh & New Bern.


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Madison County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


County Records




Local Histories




Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Madison County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Madison County, North Carolina Genealogy:

- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry
- 16th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B
- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Company H
- 5th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry, Company A
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company D
World War I
World War II


  • Madison county newspapers - a listing of newspapers published in the county & libraries that hold them; via the Library of Congress. If you find a paper of interest on microfilm, you may be able to request it via Interlibrary Loan with your local public library.
  • Madison County residents in the newspaper - name listing of people from the county as located in misc. newspaper articles; time span varies. Articles indexed in the NC People in the Papers database.
  • See the "Deaths" category in the Vital Records section for information on obituaries


Online Probate Records


Vital Records

Uncertified copies of vital records can be ordered for a small fee from the Register of Deeds. Please visit their website for more information.


Societies and Libraries 

Buncombe County Genealogical Society
128 Bingham Road, Suite 950
Asheville, North Carolina 28806
Telephone Number: 828-253-1894

Madison County Genealogical Society
PO Box 155
Mars Hill, NC 28754-0155

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, North Carolina. Page 510 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).