Madison County, Mississippi Genealogy

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Guide to Madison County, Mississippi ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Canton
Organized: 29 January 1828
Parent County(s): Yazoo[1]
Neighboring Counties
Attala  • Hinds  • Holmes  • Leake  • Rankin  • Scott  • Yazoo
See County Maps
Courthouse
MississippiMadisonCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Map of Mississippi highlighting Madison County.svg.png
Adoption
James Madison
Historic Madison County Courthouse

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

This county was named for James Madison. Madison County is located in the west-central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
P.O. Box 404
Canton, MS 39046
Phone: 601-859-1177
Madison County Website

Clerk Chancery Court has marriage, divorce, probate, court, and land records from 1828.[3]

Madison County, Mississippi Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1 Nov 1912 1828 1 Nov 1912 1828 1828 1828 1810
Statewide registration started in Nov 1912 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1921.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1828 Madison County was created 29 January 1828 from Yazoo County.
  • County seat: Canton[5]

For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Anderson
  • Annadale
Ghost towns
  • Stokes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison County, Mississippi online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 4,973
1840 15,530 212.3%
1850 18,173 17.0%
1860 23,382 28.7%
1870 20,948 −10.4%
1880 25,866 23.5%
1890 27,321 5.6%
1900 32,493 18.9%
1910 33,505 3.1%
1920 29,292 −12.6%
1930 35,796 22.2%
1940 37,504 4.8%
1950 33,860 −9.7%
1960 32,904 −2.8%
1970 29,737 −9.6%
1980 41,613 39.9%
1990 53,794 29.3%
2000 74,674 38.8%
2010 95,203 27.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Madison County census records online, see: Mississippi Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Madison County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Holmes CountyAttala CountyLeake CountyScott CountyRankin CountyHinds CountyYazoo CountyMS MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Madison County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Madison County:

- 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company I - Madison Rifles
- 1st Regiment, Mississippi Light Artillery
Company A - Ridley’s Battery, aka Jackson Light Artillery
- 3rd Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company A - Kyle’s Company
- 5th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company F - Povall’s Company
- 9th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry (New)
Company H - Semmes Rifles

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Madison County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Madison County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Flora Area Historical Society
    P.O. Box 348
    Flora, MS 39071

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madison_County,_Mississippi."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Madison County, Mississippi . Page 378-384 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 379-381.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Mississippi.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madison_County,_Mississippi, Last accessed 26 September 2019.