Madison County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Madison County, Florida ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Madison
Organized: December 26, 1827
Parent County(s): Jefferson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Brooks (GA)  • Hamilton  • Jefferson  • Lafayette  • Lowndes (GA)  • Suwannee  • Taylor
See County Maps
Courthouse
FloridaMadisonCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Fl-madison.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States.[2]The county is located in the Northwest area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
PO Box 237
Madison, FL 32341
Phone: 850-973-1500
Madison County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, probate and court records from 1838, land records from 1831 and divorce records.[4]

Madison County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1838 1899 1838 1831 1838 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1876 and 1912 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
  • Cherry Lake
  • Hamburg
  • Hanson
  • Pinetta
  • Sirmans


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Madison County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 525
1840 2,644 403.6%
1850 5,490 107.6%
1860 7,779 41.7%
1870 11,121 43.0%
1880 14,798 33.1%
1890 14,316 −3.3%
1900 15,446 7.9%
1910 16,919 9.5%
1920 16,516 −2.4%
1930 15,614 −5.5%
1940 16,190 3.7%
1950 14,197 −12.3%
1960 14,154 −0.3%
1970 13,481 −4.8%
1980 14,894 10.5%
1990 16,569 11.2%
2000 18,733 13.1%
2010 19,224 2.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • 1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Madison County Clerk of Courts covers both Circuit and County Court records, including Probate Court. The office is also responsible for the county marriage and divorce records.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

  • NARA Ships Passenger Lists - These passenger lists cover:
    • 1834-1897 - Immigration of Russians to the United States
    • 1/12/1846-12/31/1851 - Irish Famine
    • 1850-1897 - Germans to the United States
    • 1855-1900 - Italians to the United States

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for most counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Brooks CountyLowndes CountyHamilton CountySuwannee CountyLafayette CountyTaylor CountyJefferson CountyFL MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War I

World War II


Korean War

Vietnam War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Madison Enterprise and the Madison County Carrier
    1695 South South SR 53
    Madison, FL 32340
    or P.O. Drawer 772, Madison, FL 32341
    Phone: 850-973-4141
    Greene Publishing, Inc.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

  • 1784 – 1990 FamilySearch Florida Probate Records 1784-1990
  • 1810 – 1974 Ancestry.com $ Florida Wills and Probate Records 1810-1974

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Contact the Madison County Appraisors for land and tax information.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Madison County Library
    378 NW College Loop
    Madison, FL 32340
    Phone: 850-973-6814
    Facebook webpage

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Madison County Florida Genealogical Society
296 SW Rutledge St.
Madison, FL 32340
Mailing address: PO Box 136
Madison, FL 32341-0136
Phone: 850-973-6488
Email:MCGenealogySociety@live.com
Website

Florida Historical Society
435 Brevard Ave.
Cocoa FL 32922
Phone: 321-690-1971
Website

Florida State Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 940927
Maitland, FL 32794-0927
Phone: 407-494-3747
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

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Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Madison County, Florida Genealogy and History”, genealogy trails accessed 04/25/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia 04/25/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia accessed 30 January 2019.