Lander County, Nevada Genealogy

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United States
Lander County

Guide to Lander County, Nevada ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Information


The county was named for Frederick W. Lander; chief engineer of a federal wagon route through the area in 1857. It's county seat is Battle Mountain and was founded 1862.[1] It is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Lander County Courthouse
315 S Humboldt Street
Battle Mountain, NV 89820
Phone: 775.635.5761
Lander County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1867, divorce records, probate and court records from 1865.
County Auditor has some birth records. [3]

Lander County, Nevada Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1867 1887 1865 1862 1865 1850
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county:[6] Lander County has no incorporated communities.

Unincorporated communites
  • Rixie
Ghost towns

Other reported locations in the county:

  • Austin
  • Bannock
  • Buckingham Camp
  • Canon City
  • Copper Basin
  • Cortez
  • Dewitt Mill
  • Gold Acres
  • Gold Quartz
  • Hilltop
  • Jenkins
  • Kampos
  • McCoy
  • Mosel
  • Mount Airy
  • Petersons Mill
  • Piute
  • Rennox
  • Rosny
  • Tenabo
  • Yankee Blade

County Facts
County seat: Battle Mountain
Organized: December 19, 1862
Parent County(s): Original county[7]
Neighboring Counties
Churchill  • Elko  • Eureka  • Humboldt  • Nye  • Pershing
See County Maps
Location Map

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Lander County, Nevada online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in
more complete
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nevada Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Lander county cemeteries.

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 2,815
1880 3,624 28.7%
1890 2,266 −37.5%
1900 1,534 −32.3%
1910 1,786 16.4%
1920 1,484 −16.9%
1930 1,714 15.5%
1940 1,745 1.8%
1950 1,850 6.0%
1960 1,566 −15.4%
1970 2,666 70.2%
1980 4,076 52.9%
1990 6,266 53.7%
2000 5,794 −7.5%
2010 5,775 −0.3%
Source: "".

The first enumeration for Nevada before it was a state in 1864, was in the 1850 Census in both New Mexico and Utah Territories, but the area had not been divided into counties. Those living there may be in the Utah 1851 Census. For 1860, Nevada was again enumerated in New Mexico and Utah Territories. [8] A partial state census exists for Nevada in 1862 and 1863 and a full state census exists for 1875. [9] See links listed below.

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for the state of Nevada starting in 1870. Although, those living in south-eastern Nevada in 1870 may be enumerated in Utah or Arizona because of disputed boundaries with Nevada.[10] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Nevada Census.

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Nevada Church Records.

Court Records


Online Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

The county recorder's office keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

In the FamilySearch Catalog, land records for Nevada are listed in the Place Search under: NEVADA, Lander – LAND AND PROPERTY

Online Land Records

For more information see Nevada Land and Property

Local Histories

County histories may include biographies of early settlers and residents, church and school information, and local military regiments at the time of publication.

  • Romancing Nevada's Past, Ghost Towns and Historical Sites of Eureka, Lander, and White Pine Counties.' c1994. By Shawn R. Hall. Reno, Nevada : University of Nevada Press. Google Books; At various libraries(WorldCat).

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Nye CountyChurchill CountyEureka CountyElko CountyPershing CountyHumboldt CountyNV LANDER.jpg
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Early migration routes to and from Lander County, Nevada Genealogy for emigrant settlers included:

Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Nevada. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Nevada Military Records.

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korea War

Vietnam War

Other Conflicts

For further information see Nevada Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship


For more information, see Nevada Newspapers.

Nevada Newspapers Online

Nevada Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Nevada Probate Records for additional information.

School Records

Tax Records

Nevada tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records. Most tax records can be obtained from the county treasurer or assessor. For more information, see the wiki page Nevada Taxation. The Family History Library does not have copies of Nevada tax records (as of June 2013).

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most Nevada original records can be purchased from the Nevada Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Nevada Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Round Mountain Public Library
73 Hadley Ln
Round Mountain, NV 89045
Telephone: 775-377-2215



Austin Historical Society
180 Main Street
Austin, NV 89310

Nevada State Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 20666
Reno, NV 89515-0666

Clark County Nevada Genealogy Society
PO Box 1929
Las Vegas, NV 89125-1929

Nevada Historical Society
1650 North Virginia Street
Reno, NV 89503
Telephone: 775-688-1190
Fax: 775-688-2917

Northeastern Nevada Genealogical Society
1515 Idaho Street
Elko 89801-4021

Tri-State Genealogical Society
PO Box 21902
Bullhead City, AZ 86439


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Lander County, Nevada Genealogy and History”, accessed 3/27/2017.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Lander County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nevada 3/27/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Lander County, Oregon page 442, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Lander County, Nevada. Page 442. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 428.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Lander County, Nevada," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, accessed 15 March 2017.
  7. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 211.
  9. ’'Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 437. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 422. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  10. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 212.
  11. National Park Service, "California Trail" (map) in California National Historic Trail at (accessed 2 August 2011).
  12. Wikipedia contributors, "First Transcontinental Railroad" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 2 August 2011).
  13. Wikipedia contributors, "Central Overland Route" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 4 August 2011).