Lafayette County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Lafayette County

Guide to Lafayette County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lewisville
Organized: October 15, 1827
Parent County(s): Hempstead[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bossier (LA)  • Caddo (LA)  • Columbia  • Hempstead  • Miller  • Nevada  • Webster (LA)
See County Maps
Location Map
Red River meanders in Lafayette and Miller Counties, Arkansas

County Information


The county was named for or the Marquis de Lafayette, who came from France and fought on the side of the Americans in the Revolutionary war. The County Seat is Lewisville and was founded October 15, 1827. It is located in the southwest corner of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Lafayette County Courthouse
2 Courthouse Square
Lewisville, AR 71845
Phone: 870.921.4633
Lafayette County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1848 and probate records;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and land records.[3]

Lafayette County, Arkansas

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1828 1914* 1828 1828 1828 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1827--Lafayette County was created 15 October 1827 from Hempstead County.  
  • County seat: Lewisville[5]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county:[6]


History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Lafayette County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [7]

  • 1800s (early) - Identification of specific European explorers and settlers in the future Lafayette County area of the Louisiana Purchase is difficult.
  • 1815 - The New Madrid Earthquakes and the War of 1812 prompted President James Monroe to survey and offer lands from the Louisiana Purchase to veterans and displaced farmers.
  • 1826 - The first years for the settlers on Long Prairie were especially difficult with uncomfortable wilderness conditions afflicting the community. Many pulled up stakes and move 100 miles to the east.
  • 1827 October 15 - Lafayette County was organized.
  • 1861-1865 - Like most areas in the South, Lafayette County was devastated by the Civil War.
  • 1865-1877 - The most significant change during this period may have been the proliferation of family farms.
  • 1880s - Another dramatic change of the era was the arrival of the railroad.
  • 1900-1940s - The first four decades of the twentieth century saw both prosperity and depression. Banks failed, mortgagers foreclosed, properties were lost, and crop values plummeted.
  • 1930-2010 - The population of Lafayettte County hit its high mark in 1930 at 16,900 and is now (2010) at less than half that number at 7,600


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Lafayette, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 748
1840 2,200 194.1%
1850 5,220 137.3%
1860 8,464 62.1%
1870 9,139 8.0%
1880 5,730 −37.3%
1890 7,700 34.4%
1900 10,594 37.6%
1910 13,741 29.7%
1920 15,522 13.0%
1930 16,934 9.1%
1940 16,851 −0.5%
1950 13,203 −21.6%
1960 11,030 −16.5%
1970 10,018 −9.2%
1980 10,213 1.9%
1990 9,643 −5.6%
2000 8,559 −11.2%
2010 7,645 −10.7%
Source: "".

Church Records

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

Funeral Homes



  • Probate Records 1828-1925 Lafayette County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration bonds 1859-1905; Letters of administration and guardianship 1859-1906; Miscellaneous probate records 1844-1858; Probate records 1828-1897; Wills 1846-1925.

Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: ($)

Maps and Gazetteers

Hempstead CountyNevada CountyMiller CountyColumbia CountyCaddo ParishBossier ParishWebster ParishAR LAFAYETTE.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Lafayette County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 19th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Dockery's) (Confederate)
- 20th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company K
- 26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- Abraham's Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers (State Troops) (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[8], Company I

Online Records

Naturalization and Citizenship


Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Lafayette County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb . Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Lafayette County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Lafayette County, Arkansas. Page 68 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 66.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Lafayette County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 28 August 2018.
  7. Glynn McCalman, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 14, 2016), “Lafayette County.”
  8. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987), p. 33-92. FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at