Korea, School Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Korea, School Records
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Korea
Flag of Korea (1899).jpg
Flag of the Korean Empire, 1897-1910
LOC Korea in Asia map.jpg
Record Description
Record Type: School
Collection years: 918-2015
Languages: Korean
Title in the Language: 한국 학교 기록
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What is in This Collection?

This is a collection of school records from Korea from the years 918 to 2015. Images will be published as they become available.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in Korean, written using Chinese hanja characters. For help reading the records, see the following resources:

General Information:

Reading Hangul: (Korean letters)

Reading Hanja: (Chinese characters)

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Korea, School Records.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The following information may be found in these records:

School records

  • Family Name (성)
  • Year (년)
  • Town, City or Village (동, 시 or 면)
  • Province or County (지방, 군)

Collection Content

How Do I Search This Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • Your relatives’s name
  • Hanja characters of your ancestor’s name
  • Location where your ancestor may have been living

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Province (도, 시), City or County (시,군)
  2. Select 제명 (Title), 년 (Year) , and 권 (Volume) and/or 페이지 (Page) to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives
  • Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name
  • If your ancestor used multiple names throughout their life, look for all their names

Record Finder

Consult the South Korea Record Finder to find other records

Why Should I Look at These Records?

Koreans have traditionally attached great importance to education, a view that continues to this day. According to ancient history texts, formal education in Korea began during the Three Kingdoms period (57 B.C.-A.D.668) under the influence of the Chinese educational system.

It was in 372 that a state-operated institute for higher education known as T'aehak (National Confucian Academy) was established in the Koguryo Kingdom (37 B.C.-A.D.668). A similar institution for higher education named Kukh'ak (National Confucian College) was set up in 682 during the Shilla Kingdom (57 B.C.-A.D.935). Shilla also established a unique training system called the hwarangdo (The way of "Flower of Youth Corps"), to educate the elite youth of the aristocratic class. Thehwarangdo proved instrumental in unifying the Korean Peninsula in the seventh century. The Paekche Kingdom (18 B.C.-A.D.660) also emphasized education and produced numerous scholars in various academic disciplines, many of whom made important contributions to early Japanese culture.

Higher education in all these kingdoms tended to be focused on the study of Chinese classics. Although the succeeding Koryo Dynasty (918-1392) adopted Buddhism as its state religion, Confucian studies continued to have a major influence on academic circles and the educational system. The institutionalization of the civil service examination in the mid-10th century set the pattern for educational reform, by directing the role of education toward preparing young men for public service. Koryo founded a state institution for higher education called Kukchagam (National University) in 992 in its capital, Kaesong. It was also about that time that the central government began to dispatch scholars to provincial areas to implement education for local residents.

By the late 14th century, however, Buddhism gradually declined. The founders of the Choson Dynasty (1392-1910) turned to Confucianism instead as the source of basic principles for national politics, ethics and social institutions. The highest educational institution during the Choson period was the Songgyungwan (National Confucian Academy), which also served as the center of Confucian studies. On the secondary level, there were two kinds of schools: haktang in the capital of Hanyang (today's Seoul) and hyanggyo in villages. Private schools called sodang carried out primary education.

Education during the Choson Dynasty was mainly viewed as a means to prepare young aristocratic men for future public service. Examinations in the Chinese classics were the major criteria for qualification. This tradition has survived as the backbone of Korean education system until the late 19th century, when Korea opened its door to the West.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"한국 학교 기록, 1958." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2018. Private collection of Song Man Oh, Jeollabuk-do.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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