Kilmeny, Argyllshire, Scotland Genealogy
This is a guide to the history and major genealogical records of Scotland as they pertain to the parish of Kilmeny. To learn more about how to use these records to search for your ancestors, go to the
To learn more about how to use these records to search for your ancestors, go to the Scotland: Research Strategies.
- 1 History
- 2 Census Records
- 3 Church Records
- 4 Civil Registration Records
- 5 Probate Records
- 6 References
History[edit | edit source]
KILMENY, a large quoad sacra parish, in the parish of Kilarrow, district of Islay, county of Argyll, 4 miles (S. W. by S.) from Portaskaig. This district is in the north-eastern part of the island of Islay. The church repaired in 1826, is a plain structure.
The New Statistical Account of Scotland (pub. 1834-45) offers uniquely rich and detailed parish reports for the whole of Scotland, covering a vast range of topics including history, agriculture, education, trades, religion and social customs. The reports, written by the parish ministers, are available online at http://edina.ac.uk/stat-acc-scot/. Click on ‘Browse scanned pages’ then search the parish reports for Kilmeny. Also available at the Family History Library.
Census Records[edit | edit source]
A census record is a count and description of the population, taken by the government, arranged by locality and by household. Read more about census records.
Here is a list of the Family History Library microfilm numbers for the census records of Bowmore or Kilarrrow as well as the library numbers for any surname indexes available:
|Years||FHL Film Number||Surname Index|
|1841||1042720||941.38 X22s 1841 v. 1-5|
|1881||203562||6086508 - (set of 4 fiche)|
The 1901 and 1911 census of Scotland is indexed on www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk. To use it, you must register and pay a small access fee. All available censuses, 1841-1911, are indexed on this website. It may be easier for you to pay to use the website rather than access indexes through the library.
Church Records[edit | edit source]
The Established Church of Scotland was Presbyterian. Read more about church records.
Here are the pre-1855 records that exist for this parish.
Established Church —Old Parochial Registers[edit | edit source]
|Years Covered||FHL Fillm Number|
|Births:||1763-1854 Bowmore & Kilarrow||1041078 items 1-3|
|1802-1854-Kilmeny||1041080 items 1-2|
|Marriages:||1771-1854 Bowmore & Kilarrow||1041078 items 1-3|
|Deaths:||1817-1831 Bowmore & Kilarrow||1041078 items 1-3|
Condition of Original Records—[edit | edit source]
Index: For an index to these records, see Scotland’s People website, a pay-for-view website. The Scottish Church Records Index is also still available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Some records may also be indexed in other FamilySearch collections for Scotland.
Births: Only three entries appear prior to May 1770, and there are none March 1778–March 1780. Six irregular entries occur 1775–1782 after June 1783 and 18 similar entries, two families, appear 1768–1791 on two pages at November 1786.
Marriages: Only one entry occurs June 1781–February 1783. The fact of marriage is rarely added to the entries of proclamations prior to November 1789, omitted in 1803–1804 and sometimes after 1816.
Deaths: The record contains mortcloth dues.
Source: Key to the Parochial Registers of Scotland, by V. Ben Bloxham, pub. 1970. British book 941 K23b.
Note: Kilmeny is a “quoad sacra” parish belonging to the parish of Bowmore or Killarrow.
Established Church—Kirk Session Records[edit | edit source]
The Kirk session was the court of the parish. The Kirk session was made up of the minister and the land owners and business men of the parish, chosen to serve on the session. The Kirk session dealt with moral issues, minor criminal cases, matters of the poor and education, matters of discipline, and the general concerns of the parish. Kirk session records may also mention births, marriages, and deaths.
Extent of pre-1855 records is unknown. Records may be available at the Scottish National Archives, Edinburgh, as record CH2/1282 for Kilmeny. The Statistical Account of Scotland for Kilarrow for 1843, states that there were minute books commencing in 1823 and poor accounts commencing in 1819.
According to the National Archives of Scotland Bowmore and Kilarrow is CH2/1281 and CH2/1281/1-8
This is what is listed for Kilmeny CH2/1282 and CH2/1282/1-7
Reference Title Date Access status
CH2/1282 Records of Kilmeny Kirk Session 1881-1983
CH2/1282/1 Kilmeny kirk session: Proclamation register 1886-1977 Check details
CH2/1282/2 Kilmeny kirk session: Minute book 1881-1932 Check details
CH2/1282/3 Kilmeny kirk session: Minute book 1932-1979
CH2/1282/4 Kilmeny kirk session: Congregational board minute book 1954-1983
CH2/1282/5 Kilmeny kirk session: Baptismal register 1881-1884 Check details
CH2/1282/6 Kilmeny kirk session: Baptismal register 1882-1978 Check details
CH2/1282/7 Kilmeny kirk session: Proclamation of banns register 1881-1885
Nonconformist Church Records
A nonconformist church is any church that is not the Established church. Read more about nonconformity in Scotland in the article on the Scotland Church Records Union List.
Kilarrow and Kilmeny Free Church[edit | edit source]
The minister and many of the congregation of the quoad sacra church of Kilmeny left the Established Church in 1843 and were joined by those who left the parish church of Kilarrow. They built a new church at Skerrols in February 1844 and a manse in 1846. The rural population declined considerably. The members and adherents from Bowmore and its vicinity were disjoined in 1859 and made a separate charge.
Membership: 1855, 215 (including adherents); 1900, 32.
Source: Annals of the Free Church of Scotland, 1843–1900, ed. Rev. William Ewing, D.D., 2 vols. pub. 1914. Film #918572. More details may be given in the source including ministers.
Extent of pre-1855 records is unknown. Records may be available at the Scottish National Archives, Edinburgh, as record CH3/1268. CH3/1268 and CH3/1268/1
Reference Title Date Access status
CH3/1268 Kilarrow & Kilmeny, Free Church, Later United Free 1843-1916
CH3/1268/1 Minutes 1843-1916
Bowmore Baptist Church[edit | edit source]
The Baptist church in the area began about 1812 through the efforts of missionaries. The church was later weakened by emigration to Canada but survived and flourished.
Source: History of the Baptists in Scotland, by Rev. George Yuille, pub. 1926. FHL book 941 K2hi. More details may be given in the source including a list of ministers.
The extent of records is unknown; though it is doubtful there are any pre-1855 records.
For information write to:
The Baptist Union of Scotland
12 Aytoun Road
Glasgow G41 5RT
Bowmore Free Church, Later United Free[edit | edit source]
Reference Title Date Access status
CH3/1269 Bowmore Free Church, Later United Free 1858-1917
CH3/1269/1 Minutes 1858-1917
Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]
Government or civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths (also called Statutory records) began on January 1, 1855 in Scotland. Each parish has a registrar's office and large cities have several. The records are created by the registrars and copies are sent to the General Register Office in Edinburgh. Annual indexes are then created for the records for the whole country.
See the article on Scotland Civil Registration for more information and to access the records
Probate Records[edit | edit source]
Bowmore or Kilarrow and Kilmeny was under the probate jurisdiction of the Commissary Court of The Isles until 1823, and since then has been under the Sheriff's Court of Dunoon. Probate records for 1513- 1901 are indexed online at www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk. You must register on the website but use of the index to probate records, called 'Wills & Testaments,' is free. You may then purchase a copy of the document or, if the document is before 1823, it will be on microfilm at the Family History Library. To find the microfilm numbers, search in the library catalog for the 'Place-names' of Argyll and the subject of 'Probate records.' Then click on the link to the records of the Commissariat of The Isles.
The library also has some post-1823 probate records for Argyll. Look in the library catalog for the 'Place-names' of Argyll and the subjects of 'Probate Records' and 'Probate Records - Indexes.'
Read more about Scotland Probate Records.
References[edit | edit source]
- Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846), pp. 499-514. Adapted. Date accessed: 23 May 2014.
Return to the Argyllshire Parish List