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European colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the European exploration of the interior. The modern-day Kenya emerged from a protectorate established by the British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent Kenya Colony, which began in 1920. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colony led to the Mau Mau revolution, which began in 1952, and the subsequent declaration of independence in 1963. The current constitution was adopted in 2010 to replace the 1963 independence constitution.
Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy. Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Agriculture is the largest sector; tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export.
1885 - The colonial history of Kenya dates from the establishment of a German protectorate over the Sultan of Zanzibar's coastal possessions
1888 - The Imperial British East Africa Company settled
1890 - Imperial rivalry was prevented when Germany handed its coastal holdings to Britain
1914 - The Carrier Corps was formed and ultimately mobilised over 400,000 Africans, contributing to their long-term politicization
1920 - The East Africa Protectorate was turned into a colony and renamed Kenya
1930 - Approximately 30,000 white settlers lived in the area and gained a political voice because of their contribution to the market economy
1952 - 1959 Kenya was in a state of emergency arising from the Mau Mau rebellion against British rule
1991 - Kenya became a multiparty state after 26 years of being a single party state
2007 - Kenyan crisis was a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis that erupted in Kenya and as a result, 1,500 people were killed and another 600,000 were internally displaced