Kentucky Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Kentucky, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
CID1932398
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Kentucky, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 94: of the Adjutant General's Office
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M397. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Kentucky. 515 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 300398 423
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

This collection includes Civil War Service records of Union Soldiers from 1861 to 1865.

Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Kentucky. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. For each military unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M397. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).

This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records.

The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.

To Browse This Collection

Collection Content

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

What Can This Collection Tell Me?

The index to these records contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year(s) of service
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit and rank
  • Links to additional documents
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching the collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the soldier.
  • The approximate age of the soldier.
  • The military unit in which the soldier served.
  • The rank of the soldier.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date.
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Search the records of nearby military units.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Kentucky Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Kentucky." Index. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. Citing NARA microfilm publication M397. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

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