Kansas, State Census, 1875 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Kansas State Census, 1875
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Kansas, United States
Kansas flag.png
Flag of Kansas
US Locator Kansas.png
Location of Kansas
Record Description
Record Type Census Records
Collection years 1875
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites

What is in This Collection?

This is a collection of the Kansas state census taken in 1875. The census enumerates all household members.

Kansas became a state in 1861 and later passed a law requiring a state census every ten years to number the population of the various counties in order to determine apportionment of the state legislature. The first state census was taken in 1865 and continued until 1925, as the law was repealed in 1933.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Kansas State Census, 1875.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The census generally included six schedules:

  1. Inhabitants
  2. Agriculture
  3. Products of Industry
  4. Pauperism and Crime (no personal or family information recorded)
  5. Public and Private Libraries (no personal or family information recorded)
  6. Deaf & Dumb, Blind, Insane, and Idiotic

The following information may be found in these records:


  • Name as of March 1, 1875
  • Age at last birthday
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Occupation
  • Value of real estate
  • Value of personal estate
  • Place of birth (state or country)
  • Residence prior to living in Kansas
  • If attended school within the year
  • Whether literate


  • Name of the owner
  • Number of acres of land
  • Present cash value
  • Wages paid out
  • Production

Products of Industry

  • Name of the producer
  • Name of business
  • Capital invested
  • Machinery
  • Employees
  • Materials
  • Production

Deaf and Dumb, Blind, Insane, and Idiotic

  • Name
  • Category of disability
  • Name of parent or guardian
  • Address of parent or guardian

Note that only the Inhabitant Schedule have been indexed.

Collection Content

Sample Images

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching the collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The place in Kansas where your ancestor lived
  • The names of other household members

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the County
  2. Select the Locality
  3. Select the Schedule Type to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in federal census records
  • Use the information found in the record to find vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death
  • Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records
  • Search for church records

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, try searching records of a nearby town or county
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names

Record Finder

Consult the Kansas Research Tips and Strategies and its Record Finder to search other records

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Kansas State Census, 1875." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2018. Citing Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

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