Jefferson County, Texas Genealogy

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United States
Texas
Jefferson County

Guide to Jefferson County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Jefferson County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 17, 1836
County Seat Beaumont
Courthouse
TexasJeffersonCourthouse.jpg
Address Jefferson County Courthouse
PO Box 1151
Beaumont, TX 77704
Phone: 409.835.8475
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County Information

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth and death records 1903-1966,
marriage, land, probate, court and military disharge 
records from 1836; District Clerk has divorce records[1]

County Clerk

P.O. Box 1151
Beaumont 77704
Phone: 409-835-8475

District Clerk

P.O. Box 3707
Beaumont 77704
Phone: 409-835-8580


Jefferson County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1837 1850 1836 1838


History

The Cypress Bayou Settlement in the Mexican municipality of Liberty was the nucleus from which the present area of Jefferson County grew.

Parent County

1836--Jefferson County was created 17 March 1836 from Old Mexican Municipality.

  • County seat: Beaumont [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Cameron Parish, Louisiana  • Chambers  • Hardin  • Liberty  • Orange


Liberty CountyHardin CountyOrange CountyJefferson CountyChambers CountyGulf of MexicoTX JEFFERSON.JPG

Resources

Biographies, Autobiographies & Memoirs

Books & Articles

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
Linkpendium WorldCat Tombstone Project
Billion Graves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
Billion Graves (cemetery) TX Gravestones
TXGenWeb Epodunk
Names in Stone Interment
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

Census

Churches & Religious Organizations

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.


Court

Funeral Homes

Historical Markers

Land

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


Local Histories

Local histories are available for Jefferson County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

Maps

Txjefferson.jpg

Military

Mexican-American War
Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Jefferson County:

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Jefferson County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

Obituaries

Probate

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Birth

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death

Online Death Indexes and Records

Divorce

Societies and Libraries

The Tyrrell Historical Library Archives
801 Pearl Street
Beaumont, TX 77701
409-981-5911
Beaumont Historical Library

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites

  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county
  • FamilySearch Catalog The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Jefferson County, Texas. Page 667 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State